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Field Fortifications, Etc.: A Text-Book for the Use of the Cadets of the ...
Junius Brutus Wheeler
No preview available - 2018
abatis angle arranged artillery assault attack banquette slope barbette bastioned bomb-proof breech-loading weapons built called commanding construction continued lines counterscarp cross fire dead space determined dimensions direct fire distance ditch in front eight feet embrasure enclosed enemy enemy's fire enfilading fire excavation exposed exterior side faces fascines field guns filled with earth five feet flanked disposition front fire gabions glacis height horizontal inclination interior crest interior slope intersection intrenchments kind laid length line of fire line of parapet loop-hole lunette magazine marked mass of earth method musketry obstruction occupied ordinary field fortifications perpendicular pickets piece placed plane of defilade points polygon position projectiles protect rear redan redoubt reverse defilade reverse fire revetment salients scarp shelter six feet sods soldier straight line sub-crest superior slope terreplein thickness three feet timber tion trace traverse trench troops twelve feet upper surface usually vertical width
Page 4 - Thomas's troops. The hour was fixed, and all the details given in Field Orders, No. 28, of June 24. On the 2Hh of June the two assaults were made at the time and in the manner prescribed, and both failed, costing us many valuable lives, among them those of Generals Harker and McCook; Colonel Rice and others badly wounded. Our aggregate loss being near 3,000, while we inflicted comparatively little loss to the enemy, who lay behind his wellformed breastworks.
Page 1 - France between the forts, and left a superior force " in observation," to watch the garrison and accept its surrender when the greater events of the war ahead made further resistance useless; but earth-forts, and especially field-works, will hereafter play an important part in wars, because they enable a minor force to hold a superior one in check for a time, and time is a most valuable element in all wars. It was one of Prof.
Page 5 - ... they were heavy (weighing over five pounds), they were uncomfortable, they were in every way inconvenient, but each man had learned by hard experience to feel that his individual life depended upon his musket and his spade — and he took good care to lose neither the one nor the other.
Page 89 - This (the revetment) consisted of posts from foui t;o six inches in diameter of oak, chesnut, or cedar, cut into lengths of 5| feet and set with a slope of \ in close contact in a trench, at the foot of the breast height, two feet in depth. These were sawed off sixteen inches below the crest and shaped to receive a horizontal capping piece of six-inch timber, hewed or sawed, to a half-round, as shown in the sketch." The lower ends of the posts rested upon a twoinch plank, placed in the bottom of...
Page 2 - ... Burke, was an officer of the Austrian service ; and his father, Peter Burke, Esq. of Elm Hall, in the county of Tipperary, was for many years an active magistrate for that and the King's county. In politics a moderate whig, Mr. Peter Burke held himself always aloof from the agitation going on around him, and on more than one occasion proved of great service to government in preserving the peace of his district. He lived on terms of friendship with the late and the present Earls of Rosse, with...
Page 2 - ... winter, in the course of which, many hardy warriors perished of cold, and the hands and feet of thousands became frost-bitten. At length, Charles advanced to the siege of the strong city of Pultowa, which, however, was protracted by the want of artillery, till Peter himself approached with a vast army. The battle of Pultowa, which terminated in the total defeat of the Swedish army, was now fought; all the baggage and the rich military chest fell into the hands of the enemy, and the surviving...
Page 230 - ... is brought taut, explode a percussion cap or friction tube. 4. If the enemy should open his attack by a warm cannonade, and concentrate his fire upon a particular fort, the troops should not be unnecessarily exposed to it if they can be sheltered near the posts they are to occupy when an assault is made. If the cannonade should become too warm for the garrison to reply without too much loss, the field and siege guns should be removed from their embrasures, and placed behind the parapets or, in...
Page 232 - ... gun are ascertained. Cut away the foot of scarps to render escalade more difficult, taking care not to endanger the stability of the parapet. Use earth so obtained for making a glacis and traverses across the abatis, if it be threatened by an enfilading fire. A few piles of earth across the abatis, particularly if the earth be wet, is a great security against such fire. " Commanding officers of the forts cannot be too strongly impressed with the fact that the abatis is one of the main sources...
Page 5 - This was an example of an attack in broad day against a simple infantry cover, which cost us, in killed and wounded, a number equal perhaps to that of the entire force of the enemy actually opposed to us. It was an attack of nearly two divisions against a picket line covered by a simple trench and parapet ; but had it been held by two ranks of good troops it is doubtful if it could have been carried even by an entire corps.
Page 232 - Logs, fascines, or even sticks, kid against its exposed side, greatly reduce the penetration of shot, particularly of elongated projectiles, by deflecting them. 6. Build merlons between barbette guns, and partially fill wide embrasures, as soon as the positions of the enemy's batteries and the proper direction of fire of each gun are ascertained. Cut away the foot of scarps to render escalade more difficult, taking care not to endanger the stability of the parapet. Use the earth so obtained for making...