Fighting Words and Feuding Words: Anger and the Homeric Poems
Anger is central to the Homeric epic, but few scholarly interventions have probed HomerOs language beyond the study of the IliadOs first word: menis. Yet Homer uses over a dozen words for anger. Fighting Words and Feuding Words engages the powerful tools of Homeric poetic analysis and the anthropological study of emotion in an analysis of two anger terms highlighted in the Iliad by the Achaean prophet Calchas. Walsh argues that kotos and kholos locate two focal points for the study of aggression in Homeric poetry, the first presenting HomerOs terms for feud and the second providing the native terms that designates the martial violence highlighted by the Homeric tradition. After focusing on these two terms as used in the Iliad and the Odyssey, Walsh concludes by addressing some post-Homeric and comparative implications of Homeric anger.
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The Prophet Defines
Forms and Formulae
Kóᵡoç and Social Status
Angers History Kóᵡoç and Etymology
Angers Aggression The Wrath of Feud
Part II Fighting Words
Helens Cure and the End of Anger
The Beginning of Xóᵡoç
About the Author
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Achaeans Achilles Agamemnon Ajax Amphimachus anger of Achilles anger terms angry Antinoos aorist Apollo Athena Black-Michaud Book caesura Calchas Calchas's definition Chantraine Chapter comparative context Cu Chulainn cultural Cyclops death Diomedes discussion emmenes emmenes aiei emotion epic etymology Eurymachus example feud fire forms formula ghel gods Group heart Hector Helen Hera Hera's Homeric poetry hupodra idon Idomeneus Iliad important Indo-European Irish kekoteoti thumoi kholos kholos and kotos killing kind of anger kotos Lakoff linguistic literature Martin l989 meaning Melanthius Melantho Meleager Menelaus metaphor minis mortals motive Muellner l996 Nagler Nagy neikos nostos notion Odysseus Odysseus's Paris passage Patroclus Phoenix phrase poetic Poseidon presents Priam reference relationship rhetorical scene semantic shows simile social speech suggest suitors telos thematic traditional Trojan War Trojans University Press verb verbal violence warrior words for anger wrath yoXoc yoXov Zeus Zeus's
Page xiii - Rome GRBS Greek, Roman, and Byzantine Studies HSCP Harvard Studies in Classical Philology JHS Journal of Hellenic Studies...
Page 6 - ... and, finally, there is the frustrated anger that occurs in the face of personal misfortunes and slights which one is helpless to redress (tang). But each of these emotions is sharply distinguished from the anger which is a righteous indignation, or justifiable anger (song), and it is only this anger which is morally approved.
Page xiii - CJ Classical Journal CP Classical Philology CQ Classical Quarterly CW Classical World FGrH F.
Page 5 - ... victory has not become obviously hopeless in military terms. Achilles is bound to the war, and can never return, because he is a warrior (perhaps even killer would not be too strong a word) who would fit into the order at home even less than into the order of the army. It will have become clear by now that in Homeric society a lordly wrath is not a private state of emotions. A cholos, a wrath, is a legal institution comparable to a Roman inimicitia or a medieval feud.
Page xiv - PCPhS Proceedings of the Cambridge Philological Society PMLA Publications of the Modern Language Association...