Financial Derivatives and the Globalization of Risk

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Duke University Press, Sep 29, 2004 - Business & Economics - 209 pages
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The market for financial derivatives is far and away the largest and most powerful market in the world, and it is growing exponentially. In 1970 the yearly valuation of financial derivatives was only a few million dollars. By 1980 the sum had swollen to nearly one hundred million dollars. By 1990 it had climbed to almost one hundred billion dollars, and in 2000 it approached one hundred trillion. Created and sustained by a small number of European and American banks, corporations, and hedge funds, the derivatives market has an enormous impact on the economies of nations—particularly poorer nations—because it controls the price of money. Derivatives bought and sold by means of computer keystrokes in London and New York affect the price of food, clothing, and housing in Johannesburg, Kuala Lumpur, and Buenos Aires. Arguing that social theorists concerned with globalization must familiarize themselves with the mechanisms of a world economy based on the rapid circulation of capital, Edward LiPuma and Benjamin Lee offer a concise introduction to financial derivatives.

LiPuma and Lee explain how derivatives are essentially wagers—often on the fluctuations of national currencies—based on models that aggregate and price risk. They describe how these financial instruments are changing the face of capitalism, undermining the power of nations and perpetrating a new and less visible form of domination on postcolonial societies. As they ask: How does one know about, let alone demonstrate against, an unlisted, virtual, offshore corporation that operates in an unregulated electronic space using a secret proprietary trading strategy to buy and sell arcane financial instruments? LiPuma and Lee provide a necessary look at the obscure but consequential role of financial derivatives in the global economy.

 

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Contents

Global Flows and the Politics of Circulation
1
Derivatives Risk and Speculative Capital
33
Historical Conjunctures
67
The Institutional Basis of Derivatives
85
Deriving the Derivative
107
The World of Risk
141
Derivatives and the Stability of the State
161
Glossary
191
Notes
195
Bibliography
201
Index
207
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About the author (2004)

Edward LiPuma is Professor of Anthropology at the University of Miami. He is the author of Encompassing Others: The Magic of Modernity in Melanesia and coeditor of Bourdieu: Critical Perspectives.

Benjamin Lee is Professor of Anthropology and Philosophy at New School University and Dean of its Graduate Faculty of Political and Social Science. He is the author of Talking Heads: Language, Metalanguage, and the Semiotics of Subjectivity (published by Duke University Press) and coeditor of Semiotics, Self, and Society.

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