Financing Vocational Training in Sub-Saharan Africa

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World Bank Publications, 2003 - Business & Economics - 187 pages
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For developing countries, vocational training is a vital component of the drive to enhance productivity, stimulate economic competitiveness, and lift people out of poverty. However, training provision in many countries is underfinanced and fragmented, and traditional state-funded training programs are proving inadequate to the task. Financing Vocational Training in Sub-Saharan Africa emphasizes the central role that financing strategies should play in enhancing the effectiveness and efficiency of training systems as a whole, through incentives, greater competition, and the integration of private and public provision. This book describes the emerging consensus about best practice in the financing of training, drawing on experience in Latin America and Asia, and testing this consensus against findings from Sub-Saharan Africa. It sets out the case for financing interventions by governments and scrutinizes the role, and effectiveness, of national training agencies, payroll levies, and alternative transfer mechanisms for institutional funding. This discussion draws on lessons from the experience of Kenya, South Africa, Tanzania, and Zimbabwe. The book will be of particular interest to policymakers and practitioners of vocational training in developing countries, to development policy analysts, and to students and scholars of education and training systems worldwide.

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Page xi - Mar. 1973, pp. 61-89. An earlier version of this article was presented to the Conference on Urban Unemployment in Africa...
Page 154 - A treatment of this material is beyond the scope of this chapter. Here we are concerned with the more limited issue of the financing aspects of these developments.
Page 101 - the day-to-day struggle to raise levies from defaulting employers through such measures as reviewing firms' accounts, annual visits to firms, and consultancies
Page 73 - It may produce a narrow approach to training, with duplication of efforts and a failure to develop a functional approach to common core skills, transferable across industries. It is poorly adapted to meeting regional needs.
Page 78 - There appear to be a number of reasons for this, including the country's continuing financial crisis.
Page 135 - Africa, budgetary allocations would continue to fund training programs for special groups, including the unemployed and youth, as well as preemployment public sector training. Proposals for the disbursement of public funding for training programs aimed at target groups envisage the removal of protection from public training providers and the introduction of performancerelated funding criteria.
Page 74 - ... resulted in considerable underprovision of skills development to meet social needs, particularly in relation to school-leavers, the unemployed, and rural populations.
Page 74 - The system did not facilitate the shifting of resources between industries to meet the needs of emerging sectors.
Page 77 - African training sector, this body would not exercise the strong degree of central control found in NTAs in many other countries.

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