Financing Vocational Training in Sub-Saharan Africa
For developing countries, vocational training is a vital component of the drive to enhance productivity, stimulate economic competitiveness, and lift people out of poverty. However, training provision in many countries is underfinanced and fragmented, and traditional state-funded training programs are proving inadequate to the task. Financing Vocational Training in Sub-Saharan Africa emphasizes the central role that financing strategies should play in enhancing the effectiveness and efficiency of training systems as a whole, through incentives, greater competition, and the integration of private and public provision. This book describes the emerging consensus about best practice in the financing of training, drawing on experience in Latin America and Asia, and testing this consensus against findings from Sub-Saharan Africa. It sets out the case for financing interventions by governments and scrutinizes the role, and effectiveness, of national training agencies, payroll levies, and alternative transfer mechanisms for institutional funding. This discussion draws on lessons from the experience of Kenya, South Africa, Tanzania, and Zimbabwe. The book will be of particular interest to policymakers and practitioners of vocational training in developing countries, to development policy analysts, and to students and scholars of education and training systems worldwide.
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apprentice approach autonomy central Chapter competitive cost recovery cost sharing Cote d'lvoire demand-driven disadvantaged groups disbursement discussed donor employers employment encourage enterprise training fee policy financing mechanisms financing of training financing training formal sector forms of training funding diversification Herschbach income source Industrial Training informal sector training institutional training intervention issues Kenya labor market levy collection levy income levy proceeds levy rate levy-grant schemes levy-grant system major Malawi Mauritius ment national skills national training authorities national training funds national training system NSSF payment payroll taxes percent policy objectives potential private training institutions public budgets public sector training public training institutions revenues role SETA skills development source of funding South Africa stakeholders Tanzania tion Togo training courses training levies training markets training needs training policy training programs training providers training subsidies training taxes tutional VETA Vocational Training voucher scheme wages workers World Bank Zambia Ziderman Zimbabwe
Page xi - Mar. 1973, pp. 61-89. An earlier version of this article was presented to the Conference on Urban Unemployment in Africa...
Page 101 - the day-to-day struggle to raise levies from defaulting employers through such measures as reviewing firms' accounts, annual visits to firms, and consultancies
Page 73 - It may produce a narrow approach to training, with duplication of efforts and a failure to develop a functional approach to common core skills, transferable across industries. It is poorly adapted to meeting regional needs.
Page 78 - There appear to be a number of reasons for this, including the country's continuing financial crisis.
Page 135 - Africa, budgetary allocations would continue to fund training programs for special groups, including the unemployed and youth, as well as preemployment public sector training. Proposals for the disbursement of public funding for training programs aimed at target groups envisage the removal of protection from public training providers and the introduction of performancerelated funding criteria.
Page 74 - ... resulted in considerable underprovision of skills development to meet social needs, particularly in relation to school-leavers, the unemployed, and rural populations.
Page 74 - The system did not facilitate the shifting of resources between industries to meet the needs of emerging sectors.