Financing Energy Efficiency: Lessons from Brazil, China, India, and Beyond
World Bank Publications, Feb 8, 2008 - Science - 304 pages
While energy efficiency projects could partly meet new energy demand more cheaply than new supplies, weak economic institutions in developing and transitional economies impede developing and financing energy efficiency retrofits. This book analyzes these difficulties, suggests a 3-part model for projectizing and financing energy efficiency retrofits, and presents thirteen case studies to illustrate the issues and principles involved.
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agencies appraisal banking sector Brazil buildings capacity chapter China clients cogeneration commercial banks companies Country Energy Efficiency customers developing countries Dongying economic efficiency investment projects efforts electricity end users energy audits Energy Conservation energy efficiency financing energy efficiency investment energy efficiency lending energy efficiency loan energy efficiency programs energy efficiency projects energy performance contracting energy savings energy service enterprises ESCO industry example experience expertise facilities financial institutions financial intermediation financial products focus funds HEECP implementation important improve incentives India Indian banks initial institutional arrangements Institutional Economics institutional environment involved Iqara IREDA Loan Guarantee Program major ment million operational outsourcing percent potential project development public sector reduce renovation risk Romania SIDBI SMEs specific studies targeted technical assessment Three Country Energy tion transaction costs utility wire-charge World Bank World Bank Group
Page 30 - Bank) consists of five closely associated institutions: the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD), the International Development Association (IDA), the International Finance Corporation (IFC), the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA), and the International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID). The World Bank...
Page 96 - The goals should result from the needs analysis; they should represent what is to be achieved rather than how it is to be done.
Page 270 - The reason is that the organizations of an economy and the interest groups they produce are a consequence of the opportunity set provided by the existing institutional framework.
Page 269 - New Institutional Economics (NIE) is an interdisciplinary enterprise combining economics, law, organization theory, political science, sociology and anthropology to understand the institutions of social, political and commercial life. It borrows liberally from various social-science disciplines, but its primary language is economics.
Page 270 - The resulting complementarities, economies of scope and network externalities reflect the symbiotic interdependence among the existing rules, the complementary informal constraints, and the interests of members of organizations created as a consequence of the institutional framework. In effect, an institutional matrix creates organizations and interest groups whose welfare depends on that institutional framework.
Page 269 - Organizations include political bodies (political parties, regulatory agencies), economic bodies (firms, trade unions), social bodies (churches, clubs), and educational bodies (schools, universities). Note that the term 'institution' refers to the rules of the game, whereas 'organization' refers to players of the game.
Page 57 - Number of procedures from the moment the plaintiff files a lawsuit in court until the moment of payment.
Page 267 - Formal institutions (such as by-laws, national laws, policies, the national constitution, and international laws and treaties) are part of the institutional environment and distinct from institutional arrangements.