Financing Health Care in East Asia and the Pacific: Best Practices and Remaining Challenges
World Bank Publications, Jun 16, 2011 - Business & Economics - 328 pages
The East Asia and Pacific region is characterized by wide variations in sources of healthcare financing, pooling of funds, purchasing of care services, and the extent to which these policy instruments and programs provide social protection. Existing healthcare financing systems in the region are under increasing pressure from a continued prevalence of communicable diseases, an emergence of non communicable diseases, and a rapidly aging population. Large inequalities between the poor and the prosperous in their access to healthcare financing mechanisms can be reformed and strengthened to improve outcomes especially for the poor. Financing Health Care in East Asia and the Pacific emphasizes the need for high-quality, well-funded health systems that generate sustainable financing to ensure optimal health outcomes and guaranteed financial protection. Adequate funding, however, will not be enough. Systems will need to manage and spend funds wisely. It reviews best practices and remaining challenges related to every function of health financing both within countries and across East Asia and Pacific countries. The book will be of particular interest to government leaders, policy makers, health economists, donors, and health service researchers.
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allocation Asia–Pacific Country Health Asian and Pacific Bank’s World Development benefits package Cambodia capita China contracting costs Country Health Financing decentralization Development Indicators database drugs East Asia East Asia–Pacific Country equity example facilities Figure foreign patients forthcoming volume funds global Gottret and Schieber groups Health Accounts Health Financing Profiles health sector health services health spending health system Hong Kong SAR households income increase Indonesia informal payments inpatient insurance schemes Japan Lao PDR LICs low-income Malaysia medical tourism MICs Mongolia National Health OOP payments outpatient Pacific countries Papua New Guinea People’s percent Philippines pooling poor population private sector programs providers provincial public health public sector reforms region Republic of Korea revenues rural Samoa share Singapore Social Health Insurance social insurance Source subsidies Taiwan Thailand Timor-Leste user fees Vietnam volume of East Wagstaff World Bank World Health Organization