Finnish: An Essential Grammar

Front Cover
Psychology Press, 1999 - Foreign Language Study - 268 pages
3 Reviews

This thoroughly revised third edition of Finnish: An Essential Grammar is grounded in fundamental insights of modern linguistics and incorporates some of the latest achievements in the description of written and spoken Finnish. It gives a systematic account of the structures of the written language and offers increased attention to the key characteristics of present-day colloquial Finnish. No prior knowledge is assumed on the part of the reader and grammatical rules are clearly explained without jargon.

Features of this new edition include:

* pronunciation guide, including the tendencies in present-day colloquial Finnish

* thorough descriptions of morphology (word structure) and syntax (sentence structure)

* clear rules and an abundance of concrete examples, from both written and colloquial Finnish

* updated vocabulary in the examples

* an effective new scheme for detecting the morphological structure of any word form

* subject index.

This is the ideal reference source both for those studying Finnish independently and for students in schools, colleges, universities and adult classes of all types.

 

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Contents

Pronunciation and sound structure
9
A survey of word structure
18
Two important sound alternations
28
The declension of nominals
44
The conjugation of verbs
55
22 Infinitive endings
56
23 Inflectional stems
57
Basic sentence structure
61
42 Elative
110
43 Illative
112
44 Adessive
115
45 Ablative
117
46 Allative
119
47 Directional verbs
120
48 Place names
121
Other cases
123

25 The nominative basic form of nominals
63
26 Singular and plural
67
27 The verb olla to be
68
28 To have in Finnish
69
30 Questions and answers
71
31 Concord of attributes
74
The partitive
76
33 Use of the partitive
82
The genitive possessive suffixes and the accusative
91
35 Use of the genitive
95
36 Possessive suffixes
97
37 What is the accusative?
100
38 The accusative endings
102
39 Quantity adverbs taking an object case
105
The six local cases
107
41 Inessive
108
50 Translative
125
51 Abessive comitative and instructive
127
Numerals
129
Pronouns
136
Tenses
152
Moods
162
The passive
172
Infinitives
182
Participles
194
Comparison of adjectives
211
Other word classes
218
Word formation
231
The colloquial spoken language
244
Literature
267
Copyright

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About the author (1999)

University of Helsinki

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