Finnish: An Essential Grammar

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Psychology Press, 1999 - Foreign Language Study - 268 pages
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This thoroughly revised third edition of Finnish: An Essential Grammar is grounded in fundamental insights of modern linguistics and incorporates some of the latest achievements in the description of written and spoken Finnish. It gives a systematic account of the structures of the written language and offers increased attention to the key characteristics of present-day colloquial Finnish. No prior knowledge is assumed on the part of the reader and grammatical rules are clearly explained without jargon.

Features of this new edition include:

* pronunciation guide, including the tendencies in present-day colloquial Finnish

* thorough descriptions of morphology (word structure) and syntax (sentence structure)

* clear rules and an abundance of concrete examples, from both written and colloquial Finnish

* updated vocabulary in the examples

* an effective new scheme for detecting the morphological structure of any word form

* subject index.

This is the ideal reference source both for those studying Finnish independently and for students in schools, colleges, universities and adult classes of all types.

 

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Contents

Pronuneiation and sound strueture
9
A survey of word strueture
18
Two important sound alternations
28
The deelension of nominal
44
The eonjugation of verhs
55
22 Infinitive endings
56
23 Inflectional stems
57
Basie sentenee strueture
61
51 Abessive comitative and instructive
127
Numerals
129
53 Ordinal numbers
134
Pronouns
136
55 Demonstrative pronouns
138
56 Interrogative pronouns
140
57 Indefinite pronouns
142
58 Relative pronouns
149

25 The nominative basic form of nominals
63
26 Singular and plural
67
27 The verb olla to be
68
28 To have in Finnish
69
30 Questions and answers
71
31 Concord of attributes
74
The partitive
76
33 Use of the partitive
82
The genitive possessive suffixes and the aeeusative
91
35 Use of the genitive
95
36 Possessive suffixes
97
37 What is the accusative?
100
38 The accusative endings
102
39 Quantity adverbs taking an object case
105
The six loeal eases
107
41 Inessive
108
42 Elative
110
43 Illative
112
44 Adessive
115
45 Ablative
117
46 Allative
119
47 Directional verbs
120
48 Place names
121
Other eases
123
50 Translative
125
Tenses
152
61 Perfect tense
156
62 Pluperfect tense
158
63 Negative forms
159
Moods
162
66 Imperative
165
67 Potential
169
The passive
172
69 Passive present
173
70 Passive past
175
71 Passive perfect and pluperfect
177
72 Passive moods
180
Infinitives
182
74 First infinitive
183
75 Second infinitive
184
76 Third infinitive
188
77 Fourth infinitive
192
tt Partieiples
194
79 Present participle active
195
Comparison of adjeetives
211
Other word elasses
218
Word formation
231
The eolloquial spoken language
244
Subject index
267
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About the author (1999)

University of Helsinki

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