Finnish: An Essential Grammar

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Routledge, Feb 1, 2013 - Foreign Language Study - 416 pages
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This second edition of Finnish: An Essential Grammar has undergone profound revisions. The chapter on basic sentence structure has been rewritten and syntax has been given more space. Sections have been added on phrase types, simple clause types, and types of complex sentences. A section on discourse particles has been added. The vocabulary of the copious example sentences has been updated to give it a touch of the twenty-first century.

The section on modern colloquial Finnish has been considerably expanded. Internet addresses helpful for any learner of Finnish are provided which make is possible to automatically analyse the grammatical structure of any Finnish words and sentences.

It gives not only a systematic account of the structures of the written language, but also features the characteristics of colloquial Finnish. No prior knowledge is assumed on the part of the reader and grammatical rules are clearly explained without jargon.

Features include:

  • pronunciation guide, including the tendencies in present-day colloquial Finnish
  • thorough descriptions of morphology (word structure) and syntax (sentence structure)
  • clear rules and an abundance of concrete examples
  • inflection tables
  • subject index
  • internet addresses to online software for grammatical analysis of Finnish.

This is the ideal reference source both for those studying Finnish independently and for students in schools, colleges, universities and adult classes of all types.

 

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Contents

Chapter 1 Introduction
1
Chapter 2 Pronunciation and sound structure
11
Chapter 3 Word structure
23
Chapter 4 Two important sound alternations
38
Chapter 5 The declension of nominals
61
Chapter 6 The conjugation of verbs
83
Chapter 7 Sentence structure
95
Chapter 8 The nominative case and the partitive case
119
Chapter 15 Moods
236
Chapter 16 The passive
249
Chapter 17 Infinitives
263
Chapter 18 Participles
278
Chapter 19 Comparison of adjectives
300
Chapter 20 Other word classes
308
Chapter 21 Word formation
328
Chapter 22 The colloquial spoken language
346

Chapter 9 The genitive case possessive suffixes and the accusative case
143
Chapter 10 The six local cases
165
Chapter 11 Other cases
185
Chapter 12 Numerals
192
Chapter 13 Pronouns
202
Chapter 14 Tenses
222
Inflection tables
357
Material for studying Finnish as a foreign language
392
Relevant Internet addresses
395
Index
397
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University of Helsinki

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