First Book of Indian Botany
Well known among his contemporaries for his unrivalled knowledge of aberrant plants, Daniel Oliver (1830-1916) ran the herbarium at Kew Gardens and held the chair of botany at University College London, for which he was recommended by Charles Darwin. Although Oliver never visited India, his expertise in Indian botany grew considerably after he worked with an enormous number of dried specimens rescued from the cellars of the East India Company. In this book, first published in 1869, he sets out the basics of botanical study in India for the absolute beginner. It includes instruction on the anatomy of simple plants, lessons in collection and dissection, and explanations of botany's often dense terminology. Annotated diagrams appear throughout, in both microscopic and macroscopic views. Rigorous and carefully structured, Oliver's book remains an excellent resource for novice botanists and students in the history of science.
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FIRST BOOK OF INDIAN BOTANY
FLOWERLESS OR CRYPTOGAMIC PLANTS
ILusr OF SOME WORKS 0N INDIAN BOTANY TO WHICH
Adhesion albumen alternate simple leaves anthers apocarpous axillary axils bracts branches called calyx carpels cells coherent Cohesion coloured common conﬁned Corolla corolla-lobes cotyledons cultivated deﬁnite dehiscing Dicotyledons dioecious embryo entire leaves Epipetalous erect exalbuminous Family female ﬂowers ﬁbre ﬁlaments ﬁnd ﬁrst ﬁve ﬂeshy ﬂorets ﬂower-head ﬂowers Flowers regular ﬂuids foliage-leaves fruit Gamopetalous Gamosepalous gardens genera genus glumes Hypogynous India Indian species indusium inﬂorescence irregular leaf leaﬂets lobes minute modiﬁcations Monadelphous Monocotyledons Natural Order OBSERVE one-seeded opposite Orange Organ outer ovary Ovary inferior Ovary one-celled Ovary superior ovules panicles pedicel peduncle Perianth pericarp Perigynous petaloid petals petiole pinnate Pinnule Pistil placenta plants pollen Polypetalous Polysepalous racemes radical radicle regular ﬂowers root Seeds solitary sepals sessile sheathing shrubs shrubs with alternate Spikelets spikes sporanges Stamens stem stigma stipules structure Sub-type succulent syncarpous terminal Trees or shrubs tropical two-celled Type umbels unisexual usually valvate Vertical section Zinnia