First Lines of the Practice of Physic, Volume 1

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Page 62 - ... system; whence, by the intervention of the cold stage and spasm connected with it, the action of the heart and larger arteries is increased, and continues so till it has had the effect of restoring the energy of the brain, of extending this energy to the extreme vessels, of restoring, therefore , their action , and thereby especially overcoming the spasm affecting them ; upon the removing of which, the excretion of sweat, and other marks of the relaxation of excretories take place.
Page 162 - A spasm of the extreme arteries, supporting an increased action in the course of them, may therefore be considered as the proximate cause of inflammation ; at least, in all cases not arising from direct stimuli applied ; and even in this case the stimuli may be supposed to produce a spasm of the extreme vessels.
Page 16 - he was the first who gave any tolerably simple and clear system on the subject, or pointed out any extensive application of it to the explanation of diseases." There is little need for reminding you of the triumphant discoveries in the nervous system which have been made since the time of Hoffmann — such discoveries as have rendered the names of Charles Bell and Marshall Hall in particular, but many others in lesser degree, famous. In no department of pathological...
Page 71 - I suppose, that in every fever there is a power applied to the body, which has a tendency to hurt and destroy it, and produces in it certain motions which deviate from the natural state ; and, at the same time, in every fever which has its full course, I suppose, that, in consequence of the constitution of the animal economy, there are certain motions excited which have a tendency to obviate the effects of the noxious power, or to correct and remove them. Both these kinds of motion are considered...
Page 200 - This name has been given to an inflammation of the glottis, larynx, or upper part of the trachea, whether it affect the membranes of these parts, or the muscles adjoining. It may arise first in these parts, and continue to subsist in them alone; or it may come to affect these parts, from the cynanche tonsillaris or maligna spreading into them.
Page 112 - Some late experiments in the small-pox, and in continued fevers, shew that the free admission of cool air to the body is a powerful remedy in moderating the violence of reaction ; but what is the mode of its operation, to what circumstances of fever it is peculiarly adapted, or what limitations it requires, I shall not venture to determine, till more particularly instructed by further experience.
Page 298 - ... liable to a loss of tone in the extremities. This is in some measure communicated to the whole system, but appears more especially in the functions of the stomach. When this loss of tone occurs while the energy of the brain still retains its vigour, the vis medicatrix naturae is excited to restore the tone of the parts ; and accomplishes it by exciting an inflammatory affection in some part of the extremities.
Page 62 - The remote causes are certain sedative powers applied to the nervous system, which, diminishing the energy of the brain, thereby produce a debility in the whole of the functions, and particularly in the action of the extreme vessels.
Page 64 - There have been fevers suddenly cured by a haemorrhagy, so moderate as could not carry out any considerable portion of a matter diffused over the whole mass of blood ; nor can we conceive how the morbific matter could be collected or determined to pass by such an outlet as in that case is opened. Even supposing a morbific matter were present, there is no explanation given in what manner the concoction of it is performed ; nor is it shown that any such change does in fact take place.
Page 445 - an expectoration of pus or purulent matter from the lungs, attended with a hectic fever." Later, the tubercle was discovered, and it was found that this tubercle contained a virus. In the year 1882 the tubercle bacillus was discovered by Koch.

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