First-person Fictions: Pindar's Poetic "I"
Clarendon Press, 1991 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 226 pages
This collection of essays, although written over a period of almost 30 years, deals with one problem: who is the I in the odes of the most celebrated ancient Greek poet, Pindar?. since antiquity, the complex and allusive language of the first-person statements has provoked many different answers, Professor Lefkowitz describes the function and nature of Pindar's I statements and proposes a controversial solution that would cause some histories of Greek literature to be rewritten. Rather than accept the view that the identity of the speaker could be subject to instant and unannounced change, she proposes that the voice of the victory odes is the poet himself, in his most professional persona. Professor Lefkowitz also refutes the traditional belief that the odes were sung by a chorus. She shows that in most, if not all cases, they were sung as solos and that Pindar was continuing the tradition established by the Homeric bards.
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Aeacus Aegina Aeginetan Aeschylus Alcidamas Alcmeon Amphiaraus ancient commentators Apollo Arcesilaus Aristarchus Aristodemus Aristophanes artistic athlete audience Bacchyl Bacchylides bards Battus biographical bring Bundy Carey Carrhotus chariot choral song concerned contest Cyrenaean Cyrene dance describe Didymus digression Eileithuia emphasis epic epinician ode epinician poet epinikia epinikion Euripides explicit express fame FGrHist first-person statements function gods Greek Hellenistic Heracles hero Hieron historical Homer honour hymn interpretation kairos Kohnken komos L. R. Farnell Lefkowitz 1981 Lloyd-Jones lyre maidens ments metaphor monodic mortals Muses myth Nemea Neoptolemus notion opening lines Paean passage performance person statements Pindar Pindar speaks poem poet poet's poetic poetry praise the victor pure choral Pythian Pythian games Radt reference role scholars scholia seems Simonides sing Sparta specific Stesichorus story suggests sung T-statements tells Theban Thebes theme tion traditional transitional statements victory celebration victory odes Vita voice Wilamowitz words xenia young Zeus