Among the fishes. a remarkably wide range of biological adaptations to diverse habitats has evolved. As well as living in the conventional habitats of lakes. ponds, rivers, rock pools and the open sea, fish have solved the problems of life in deserts. in the deep sea. in the cold antarctic. and in warm waters of high alkalinity or of low oxygen. Along with these adaptations, we find the most impressive specialisations of morphology, physiology and behaviour. For example we can marvel at the high-speed swimming of the marlins. sailfish and warm-blooded tunas, air-breathing in catfish and lungfish. parental care in the mouth-brooding cichlids and viviparity in many sharks and toothcarps. Moreover, fish are of considerable importance to the survival of the human species in the form of nutritious. delicious and diverse food. Rational exploi management of our global stocks of fishes must rely upon a detailed tation and and precise insight of their biology. The Chapman [.,. Hall Fish and Fisheries series aims to present timely volumes reviewing important aspects of fish biology. Most volumes will be of interest to research workers in biology. zoology. ecology and physiology but an additional aim is for the books to be accessible to a wide spectrum of non-specialist readers ranging from undergraduates and postgraduates to those with an interest in industrial and commercial aspects of IIsh and t1sheries.
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Institute of Biology Odense University DK5230 Odense M Denmark
Biochemical correlates of growth rate in fish
Growth reproduction and death in lampreys and eels
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acclimation acid-base regulation activity adaptation amiloride amino acid Anguilla anguilla animals Antarctic apical membrane Aquaculture aquat Atlantic salmon ATPase bicarbonate Biochem blood body BoŽtius Boeuf branchial brown trout carp catecholamines changes chloride cells coho salmon comp concentrations cortisol decrease Ecophysiology effects Endocrinol energy environment environmental epithelium excretion exposure factors feeding Fish Biol freshwater function gill growth hormone growth rate Heisler Houlihan hypercapnia hyperoxia hypoxia icefish increase intracellular ionic Jensen Johnston lampreys Laurent levels McDonald metabolic rate metal migration morphology mucus muscle fibres notothenioids Oncorhynchus kisutch Oncorhynchus mykiss osmoregulation oxygen oxygen consumption peptide Perry Physiol physiological plasma cortisol prolactin protein synthesis proton rainbow trout rainbow trout Salmo Randall reduced respiratory responses role salinity Salmo salar salmonids Scyliorhinus seawater smoltification smolting species stimulation studies swimming teleost temperature thyroid tissue trout Salmo gairdneri uptake urotensin ventilation vertebrates Zool