Fit to Be Tied: Sterilization and Reproductive Rights in America, 1950-1980

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Rutgers University Press, 2011 - History - 269 pages
The 1960s revolutionized American contraceptive practice. Diaphragms, jellies, and condoms with high failure rates gave way to newer choices of the Pill, IUD, and sterilization. Fit to Be Tied provides a history of sterilization and what would prove to become, at once, socially divisive and a popular form of birth control.

During the first half of the twentieth century, sterilization (tubal ligation and vasectomy) was a tool of eugenics. Individuals who endorsed crude notions of biological determinism sought to control the reproductive decisions of women they considered "unfit" by nature of race or class, and used surgery to do so. Incorporating first-person narratives, court cases, and official records, Rebecca M. Kluchin examines the evolution of forced sterilization of poor women, especially women of color, in the second half of the century and contrasts it with demands for contraceptive sterilization made by white women and men. She chronicles public acceptance during an era of reproductive and sexual freedom, and the subsequent replacement of the eugenics movement with "neo-eugenic" standards that continued to influence American medical practice, family planning, public policy, and popular sentiment.

 

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Contents

Chapter1 From Eugenics to Neoeugenics
10
Fit Women and Reproductive Choice
50
Sterilizing Unfit Women
73
Fit Women Fight Back
114
Unfit Women Fight Too
148
Irreconcilable Conflicts
184
The Endurance of Neoeugenics
214
Index
263
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About the author (2011)

Rebecca M. Kluchin is an assistant professor of history at California State University, Sacramento.

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