Five Centuries of Farming: A Short History of Dutch Agriculture, 1500-2000
Where the lower reaches of the rivers Rijn, Maas and Schelde have passed through the Northwest-European plain to finally flow out into the North Sea, a unique country of towns had come about during the Late Middle Ages. Since then, due to its natural and central location, this country, the Netherlands, has turned into a true crossroads of European trade connections between east and west, north and south. A highly urbanised country emerged and as the urban economies prospered they have had a great impact on the surrounding countryside. This in turn has affected the rural communities and has stimulated all kinds of agrarian activities. Highly productive agribusiness complexes have been the result. Today experts rank Dutch agriculture and horticulture as one of the most productive in the world. Milk production per cow and arable farming and horticulture, productivity per man-hour is amongst the highest known. This book is meant to give an overview of the historical processes of five centuries of farming and it makes clear that the old farming society was only seemingly static. This account of Dutch agricultural history demonstrates how Dutch farmers and horticulturist have always been keen on resetting their aims when the ever changing economic environment induced them to do so. With full colour illustrations.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
Part 1 The period 15001650 Expanding diversity
Part 2 The period 16501850 Contraction and expansion
Part 3 The period 18501950 New markets new opportunities
Part 4 The period 19502000 Farming becomes agribusiness
17th century Alblasserwaard Amsterdam arable farming arable land average became Betuwe Bieleman Boeren Brabant breeding buckwheat butter cheese coleseed creamery crop cultivation dairy cows dairy farming developed Drenthe Dutch agriculture early economic economische ontwikkeling especially European expanded exports farmers farming system fattening fertilisers Figure fodder Friesian Friesland fruit Gelderland geschiedenis grain greenhouses Groningen growers growing growth guilders harvest hectares hemp Holland horses horticulture horticulturists important improved increased industry innovations labour landbouw Landbouwcijfers lei/cbs Limburg livestock livestock farming loess madder manure marine clay districts milk million mixed farming Nederland Netherlands Noord-Brabant Noord-Holland number of cattle offarming ofthe onwards organisation Overijssel peat period pigs plough polders population potatoes poultry Priester rapidly region river clay district rural sandy districts soils Source sown specialised stimulated sugar beet Table tobacco total number town Utrecht VeenkoloniŽn Veluwe village Wageningen Westland district wheat yields Zeeland Zeeuwse Zuid-Holland Zuid-Limburg