Fixing the Boundaries: Defining and Redefining Single-member Electoral Districts
Iain McLean, David Butler
Dartmouth Pub., 1996 - Political Science - 289 pages
The British rules for drawing up parliamentary boundaries are slow, cumbersome and mutually contradictory. Increasing frustration with them has led a group of experts in the field to write this book. Its chapters describe what happened in the 1995 redistribution of seats and its predecessors; how redistricting is done in the other Anglo-Saxon democracies which also have single-member districts; and how the UK rules might be improved. The authors include public servants who run the systems in the UK, Australia and New Zealand; social statisticians from the UK Office of Population Consensus and Surveys; and well-known geographers, statisticians and political scientists from the UK and the USA. The book is particularly topical because the Home Secretary promised in the House of Commons in June 1995 that the rules would be reviewed. Redistricting rules in the USA are also increasingly controversial.
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1992 general election achieve additional seats assistant commissioners augmented Electoral Commission Australian Electoral Commission average electorate Commission for England Commission for Scotland community of interest Conservative constituency boundaries criteria cross London borough deviation district boundaries effect election electoral quota electoral register electoral system English Commission ensure established areas extra seats Figure fixed divisor Fourth Periodical Review Fourth Review gerrymandering given government boundaries harmonic mean House of Commons increase the number Labour legislation less London borough boundaries major malapportionment Maori Northern Ireland number of constituencies number of electors number of seats objective Parliament Parliamentary Constituencies Parliamentary Constituencies Act political commissioners political parties population practice problem procedures proportion provisional recommendations provisions Public Inquiries Redistribution Committee registration ratio Representation Commission result Scotland Scotland and Wales Scottish Commission special geographical considerations substantially Table Territory theoretical entitlement Third Review total number unitary authorities United Kingdom vote Wales wards Welsh Commission