Flow: Nature's Patterns: a Tapestry in Three Parts
Shapes is part of a trilogy of books exploring the science of how patterns arise in nature, written by award-winning science writer Philip Ball Helps you to look at the world with fresh eyes, seeing order and form in places you'd least expect: from crystals and chemical reactions, to butterfly wings, leopoard skins and even entire ecosystems Brings together a fascinating variety of sciences from the mathematics of symmetry, to natural history, evolution, and modern day engineering and architecture Patterns are everywhere in nature - in the ranks of clouds in the sky, the stripes of an angelfish, the arrangement of petals in flowers. Where does this order and regularity come from? It creates itself. The patterns we see come from self-organization. Whether living or non-living, scientists have found that there is a pattern-forming tendency inherent in the basic structure and processes of nature, so that from a few simple themes, and the repetition of simple rules, endless beautiful variations can arise. Part of a trilogy of books exploring the science of patterns in nature, acclaimed science writer Philip Ball here looks at how shapes form. From soap bubbles to honeycombs, delicate shell patterns, and even the developing body parts of a complex animal like ourselves, he uncovers patterns in growth and form in all corners of the natural world, explains how these patterns are self-made, and why similar shapes and structures may be found in very different settings, orchestrated by nothing more than simple physical forces. This book will make you look at the world with fresh eyes, seeing order and form even in the places you'd least expect.
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angle of repose ants appear army ants artist atmosphere avalanche Bagnold barchan barchan dunes BeŽnard beads become behaviour boids bottom centre circulating colleagues collisions computer model convection cells convection patterns Couzin creates crowd cylinder D’Arcy Thompson dense density desert direction downwind dunes Earth eddies edges equations example experiments Ferrel cell fluid flow force grains granular Hans Herrmann happen Harry Swinney heat Helbing hexagonal individuals instability Jupiter’s Kelvin–Helmholtz instability landslides layer Leonardo liquid mantle mantle convection motion move nature’s neighbours oscillons particles pheromone Photo physicist plates polygonal power law random Rayleigh number Red Spot researchers Reynolds number rise roll cells rotation saltation sand pile sand ripples scales scientists seen segregation self-organized criticality shape simply simulations speed splash stoss slope streamlines stripes structure surface swirling temperature tion traffic trails turbulent flow University velocity viscous vortices waves wavy wind