Fluids and Electrolytes
You'll find a complete outline and review of fluids and electrolytes. The easy-to-read format provides all the information you need: essential concepts; assessment and monitoring guidelines; fluid, acid-base, and electrolyte imbalances; nursing interventions; replacement therapy; pediatric and geriatric care; conditions that cause imbalances; and more.
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acid acid-base balance acid-base imbalances Administer aldosterone arterial blood Assess Base excess blood gas blood pressure body fluid calcium cardiac cause cells Clinical manifestations compartments compensate daily weight decreased diarrhea diuretic ECF volume deficit ECF volume excess edema electrolyte imbalances electrolyte replacement excretion extracellular fluid fluid and electrolyte fluid intake fluid losses fluid volume gastric H ion hypertonic hyperventilation hypokalemia hypomagnesemia Hyponatremia hypophosphatemia hypotonic increased infusion intake and output intestinal intracellular ion concentration isotonic kidneys lactated Ringer's solution mCSm/liter mEq/liter metabolic acidosis Metabolic alkalosis Monitor serum muscle normal Nursing implications occurs Oliguria oral osmolality osmotic Paresthesia patient and family plasma potassium Potential imbalance protein pulmonary reabsorption renal failure replacement therapy Respiratory acidosis Respiratory alkalosis respiratory rate serum serum Ca levels serum osmolality signs and symptoms skin sodium chloride solution Study questions Teach the patient Third-space urine output venous vomiting