Flux Control in Biological Systems: From Enzymes to Populations and Ecosystems
Comprehending and modelling biomass production, nutrient, and water fluxes in biological systems requires understanding control mechanisms at various levels of organiztion. This new book, with 16 pages of four-colorplates, compares patterns and mechanisms of regulation-starting from enzyme reactions and ending at the population and ecosystem level. By doing so, the book investigates the general principles of how fluxes are adjusted and regulated. Such principles areessential for preparing effective models and for predicting human impacts on ecosystems. Flux Control in Biological Systems: From Enzymes to Populations and Ecosystems will be an essential personal library addition for student and professional environmental biologists, ecologists, physiologists, biochemists, botanists, microbiologists, soil scientists, and zoologists; as well as anyone who investigate patterns of matter and energy transfer in biological systems of different levels of complexity.
* Presents the mechanisms of flux control
* Explains the similarities of flux control at various levels of complexity and organization
* Demonstrates how fluxes are adjusted in complex systems of interacting groups of organisms
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accumulation activity aggregates amino acids apoplast assimilation biomass carbohydrate carbon Cardueae cardui changes Chapter chloroplast Cirsium coefﬁcients components concentration cotyledons cycle cytokinin cytosolic D1 protein decreased density dioica ecosystem effect efﬁciency enzyme feedback ﬁeld Figure ﬁrst ﬂower heads ﬂux control food webs forest soils function gall glucose gradients growth herbivores host plant humic hydraulic conductivity hypocotyl increase inﬂuence insects interactions Komor larvae leaf area lignin litter measured mechanisms membrane mesophyll metabolic nitrate reductase nitrogen nutrient organic matter osmotic parasitoids pathway phloem phloem loading photosynthetic phytophagous Plant Physiol populations processes production ratio reduced regulation resource response root pressure Rubisco Schulze seedlings shoot sieve tube sap signiﬁcant sink soil water species speciﬁc starch Steudle Stitt stomatal storage structure sucrose sucrose synthesis supply tion tissue transpiration transport turgor uptake Urophora Urtica volume water ﬂow water potential xylem xylem sap Zwolfer