Food Fortification: The Evidence, Ethics, and Politics of Adding Nutrients to Food
Food Fortification: The evidence, ethics, and politics of adding nutrients to food critically analyses mandatory food fortification as a technology for protecting and promoting public health. Increasing numbers of foods fortified with novel amounts and combinations of nutrients are being introduced into the food supplies of countries around the world to raise populations' nutrient intakes. It is a technology that is becoming more widely used to tackle a variety of public health problems such as micronutrient malnutrition. Food fortification policies and programs are controversial. There are disputes over the ethics of food fortification as everyone who consumes fortified foods will be exposed to raised levels of nutrients irrespective of whether they will gain any benefit and often without their knowledge. There are also contested views about the evidence that is available to support such activities. This book discusses mandatory food fortification as an intervention to protect and promote public health through presenting a synthesis of the findings from research investigations into three topical case studies of mandatory food fortification: Universal salt iodisation to help prevent iodine deficiency disorders; mandatory flour fortification with folic acid to help prevent neural tube defects; and mandatory milk fortification with vitamin D to help prevent vitamin D deficiency. Each case study is assessed for its public health benefits, risks and ethical considerations.
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Food Fortification: The evidence, ethics, and politics of adding nutrients ...
No preview available - 2013
actors advocacy agendas alternative policy options approach assessment associated cause Chapter cited colorectal cancer Copenhagen Consensus countries dietary Dietary Reference Intakes effectiveness ethical considerations evaluative frameworks evidence and ethics evidence-informed flour fortification folate folic acid fortification folic acid intake folic acid supplementation food fortification activities food fortification interventions food fortification policy food fortification policy-making food regulatory system food supply fortification with folic fortified foods global food global health governance goitre guidelines implementation increased investigation iodine deficiency iodine intake mandatory food fortification MFFFA micronutrient malnutrition MMFVD neural tube defects NTDs nutrient intake Nutrition education policy interventions policy option policy problem policy process policy solution political potential PPPs prevalence prevent public health benefits public health nutrition public health policy public health risks rationale recommended relationship rickets risk analysis sunlight exposure tion UNICEF vitamin B12 vitamin D deficiency vitamin D status voluntary food fortification World Health Organization