Food Safety: Weaknesses in Meat and Poultry Inspection Should Be Addressed Before Implementation
Meat & poultry products (M&PP) contaminated with bacteria cause most foodborne illnesses & deaths. In 1997, the USDA announced the need to modify its M&PP slaughter inspect. prog. to make industry more responsible for identifying carcass defects. USDA developed a model to test whether such a change would ensure the safety of M&PP. This report: describes the objectives, design, & scope of the pilot project; identifies limitations in the project's design & methodology; & determines if the data generated by the project will allow USDA to reach valid conclusions on the relative effectiveness of modified & traditional inspection methods in ensuring food safety & quality.
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11 chicken plants 80 carcasses addition analyze Appendix apply-plant AQIS Australia and Canada Australian carcass defect detection carcass inspector CFIA officials Check chicken pilot cloaca coli Consumer Protection data collection difference to food effect on food ensure fecal material food safety better Food safety standards food safety worse foodborne illness FSIS inspectors FSIS officials HACCP hog plants implementation Inspection Act inspectors and veterinarians instances of noncompliance know/No line speeds meat and poultry meat inspection Meat Inspection Act microbial data modified inspection system MPIP MSEP noncompliance records opinion percent performance standards pilot project plants plant employees plant personnel plants participating Poultry Inspection poultry plants product safety quality defects Research Triangle Institute responsible safety and quality Salmonella septicemia shifted to modified slaughter line statistical process controls survey tell effect toxemia traditional inspection system USDA inspectors USDA's pilot project viscera volunteer plants volunteered to participate Yes NO Yes Yes Yes Yes
Page 72 - See comment 10. See comment 11. See comment 12. See comment 13. See comment 14. See comment 15. See comment 16. See comment 17. See comment 18. 9 Page 3: The report inconsistently states the purpose of the
Page 1 - 2001 The Honorable Tom Harkin Chairman The Honorable Richard G. Lugar Ranking Minority Member Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry United States Senate While the food supply in the United States is generally safe, foodborne bacteria, viruses, and other pathogens can cause a significant number of illnesses, a small fraction of which are life-threatening. According to estimates from the Centers for Disease Control and
Page 41 - AFGE moved the district court to enter an order declaring that the pilot project violated the Federal Meat Inspection Act and the Poultry Products Inspection Act and permanently enjoining USDA from delegating its statutory duty to inspect each meat and poultry carcass and its
Page 69 - Food Safety and Inspection Service Washington, DC 20250 Mr. Lawrence J Dyckman Director, RCED Division Food and Agriculture Issues US General Accounting Office 441 G Street, NW, Room 2T23 Washington, DC 20548 Dear Mr. Dyckman NOV 30
Page 37 - To describe the objectives, design, and scope of the pilot project, we interviewed cognizant government and industry officials. Specifically, we interviewed officials and/or reviewed documents from the US Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS); Office of Policy, Program Development, International Programs, and Field Operations; and Foreign Agriculture Service. We also consulted with the National Joint Council of Food Inspection Locals, Research Triangle Institute
Page 47 - minutes to complete the survey, depending on your experiences. We made every effort to minimize the amount of information requested. Your prompt response will help us avoid costly follow-up mailings. If you have any questions about our review or this survey, please contact Cris Gobin via our
Page 36 - to this report are listed in appendix VIII. Lawrence J. Dyckman Director, Natural Resources and Environment Appendix I: Scope and Methodology To describe the
Page 75 - Margaret O'K. Glavin Acting Administrator The following are GAO's comments on the US Department of Agriculture's letter dated November 30, 2001.
Page 40 - The court of appeals remanded the case to the district court for further proceedings consistent with its opinion.