Foot and ankle in rheumatoid arthritis
Springer Science & Business Media, Nov 7, 2005 - Medical - 246 pages
One of the earliest signs of rheumatoid arthritis may be pain in the foot. However, this part of the body is very often neglected during clinical assessment of the illness in favour of the articulations of the upper limbs, knees and hips. Nevertheless, it appears evident that a detailed clinical examination of the forefoot, ankle and heel could be useful in order to get closer to a rheumatological diagnosis. Thanks to blood tests and conventional imaging, completed with a scanner or MRI if needed, every doctor should be in a position to detect the beginning of rheumatoid arthritis in the foot or ankle. As well as its diagnostic contribution, this book broaches the theme of the most recent medicinal treatments, that of orthoses, made-to-measure shoes (the prescription of which practitioners and the rheumatologists often hand over to the orthopaedic surgeons), and finally that of local injections. These elements constitute the main treatment of the rheumatoid foot. Taking care of the ill subject does not necessarily stop there and a surgeon may need to operate on the forefoot, which is more common, or on the mid-foot or the ankle.
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affected alignment ankle joint arthrodesis articular biomechanical Bone Ioint Surg Bouysset calcaneal calcaneus cementless Chir Clin Orthop clinical corticosteroid corticosteroid injection destruction diagnosis difﬁcult disease dorsal dorsiﬂexion erosion extensor ﬁg ﬁrst ﬁrst metatarsal ﬁrst ray ﬁxation ﬂat ﬂattening ﬂexion ﬂexor follow-up foot and ankle Foot Ankle Int forefoot deformities functional fusion gait gait analysis hallux valgus heel hindfoot hindfoot deformity implant inﬂammation Kitaoka HB Kofoed H lateral lesions ligament longitudinal arch lower limb medial metatarsal heads metatarsophalangeal joint midfoot midtarsal mobility MTP joints normal osteotomy pain phalangeal pied plano-valgus plantar fascia plantar pressure posterior tibial tendon procedure prosthesis radiographic radiological resection Rheum rheumatoid arthritis rheumatoid foot rheumatoid forefoot rheumatoid patients Rheumatol rupture shoes signiﬁcant speciﬁc stability stage stance phase subtalar joint surgery synovectomy synovitis talar component talo-navicular joint talus tarsal tenosynovitis tibialis posterior muscle tibiotalar Tillmann toes Total ankle arthroplasty total ankle replacement valgus deformity varus weight-bearing