Forbidden books in American public libraries, 1876-1939: a study in cultural change
This study traces the way in which the librarian as the guardian of the freedom to read came to replace the librarian as moral censor. This shift in ideology is traced against a backdrop of major social and literary changes. Within this context, censorship is treated as part of a broader professional ideology of book selection. Geller treats that ideology in terms of three constant dilemmas of choice: populism vs. elitism, neutrality vs. advocacy, and freedom vs. censorship. By exploring the ways in which librarians as public servants have defined their selection policies in terms of the public interest, she sheds new light on the complex historical background and shifting social values that underlie contemporary policy alternatives.
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Knowledge as a Public Utility
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AAUP academic freedom ALA Catalog ALA president ALA supplement ALAB American Library Association Arthur authority banned Boston Public Library Bostwick Bowerman brarians brary Carnegie censor censorship Chicago circulation client Comstock law conflict conservatism controversial criticized Crunden culture David Graham Phillips debate defended defined democracy economic editorial elite ethics excluded Fiction Catalog Free Libraries Free Press free speech function George groups History ideas ideology immoral included institution interests issue Jesse Shera John Cotton Dana John Shaw Billings Keeney labor Larned liberal librarians librarianship library school library's listed literary literature Lutie mass Merton moral neutrality norm novels Obscenity opinion partisan policies political popular problem profes profession propaganda published question radical readers reform religious responsibility restricted Robert Herrick role scientific selection shelves social Socialist society Sociology tion trustees University Upton Sinclair values William workers writers York young