Forest Fires: Behavior and Ecological Effects

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Edward A. Johnson
Elsevier, Mar 1, 2001 - Technology & Engineering - 594 pages
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Even before the myth of Prometheus, fire played a crucial ecological role around the world. Numerous plant communities depend on fire to generate species diversity in both time and space. Without fire such ecosystems would become sterile monocultures. Recent efforts to prohibit fire in fire dependent communities have contributed to more intense and more damaging fires. For these reasons, foresters, ecologists, land managers, geographers, and environmental scientists are interested in the behavior and ecological effects of fires. This book will be the first to focus on the chemistry and physics of fire as it relates to the ways in which fire behaves and the impacts it has on ecosystem function. Leading international contributors have been recruited by the editors to prepare a didactic text/reference that will appeal to both advanced students and practicing professionals.
 

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Contents

Chapter 3 Combustion Chemistry and Smoke
55
Chapter 4 Water Relations of Forest Fuels
79
Chapter 5 Wildland Fire Spread Models
151
Chapter 6 WindAided Fire Spread
171
Chapter 7 Fire Plumes
225
Chapter 8 Coupling Atmospheric and Fire Models
257
Chapter 9 Surface Energy Budget and Fuel Moisture
303
Chapter 10 Climate Weather and Area Burned
351
Chapter 11 Lightning and Forest Fires
375
Chapter 12 Statistical Inference for Historical Fire Frequency Using the Spatial Mosaic
419
Chapter 13 Duff Consumption
437
Chapter 14 Fire Effects on Trees
477
Chapter 15 Forest Fire Management
527
Index
585
Color Plate Section
595
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About the author (2001)

Edward A. Johnson is a Professor of Biological Sciences Ecology & Evolutionary Biology at the University of Calgary, Canada and up until June 2018, he was also the Director of the Biogeoscience Institute. His research interests are wildfires, avalanches, hillslope and fluvial geomorphic processes, climate, landuse, and other processes as they affect tree populations. He is particularly interested in the explicit coupling of the physical processes to ecological processes. He has over 114 publications and 4,693 total citations.

Kiyoko Miyanishi is a Professor Emeritus at the University of Guelph, having retired in 2005. She has edited 2 books, written 11 book chapters and has over 30 publications and 1,200 citations.

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