Margaret Lowman, Nalini Moreshwar Nadkarni
Academic Press, 1995 - Nature - 624 pages
For decades, researchers have been interested in the structure, function and inhabitants of forest canopies, but unfortunately, a large portion of this fascinating ecosystem was inaccessible. Recently, with the use of balloons, dirigibles, cranes, towers, suspended catwalks, and a variety of modern climbing equipment, scientists have begun to penetrate this dense foliage, allowing for a detailed, authoritative account of this enchanting world. Forest Canopies synthesizes the newly compiled data on canopy-dwelling organisms, including insects and other arthropods, lizards, birds, mammals, and, of course, the plants that both form and inhabit this unique aerial ecosystem.
* Foreword by Thomas E. Lovejoy
* First synthesis of research into this previously unchartered forest region
* Details innovative techniques for the study of the canopy
* Describes the structure, function, and biodiversity of canopy ecosystems
* Ideal reading for botanists, naturalists, ecologists, and zoologists, or anyone interested in preserving the beauty of these great forests
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Canopy Access Techniques
Physical Mechanisms of Heat and Mass Exchange
Structure and Microclimate of Forest Canopies
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abundance Academic Press ants apomixis arboreal arthropods Australia Bawa Benzing biology biomass Biotropica branches bromeliads bryophytes canopy birds canopy environment canopy research canopy structure climbing cloud forest collected communities conservation Costa Rica crowns cryptogams density distribution diversity Ecol Ecology ecosystems epiphytes Erwin estimates fauna Ficus flora flowering flux foliage foraging forest ecosystems forest floor frugivores fruit genetic growth habitats hemiepiphytes herbivores host insects interactions layer leaf area leaves levels lianas lichens litterfall lowland Lowman Mabberley mammals measurements methods mistletoe mites montane Nadkarni Neotropical nitrogen nutrient observations Oecologia organisms patterns phorophyte photosynthesis phytes plants pollinators population predators Putz rain forest canopy rain forest trees reproduction roots sampling season seed dispersal small mammal soil spatial stems studies surface taxa techniques temperate terrestrial throughfall tion tree species tropical forests tropical rain forest tropical trees trunk understory Univ unpublished data vascular vegetation vertical vines