Forgotten Fires: Native Americans and the Transient Wilderness
A common stereotype about American Indians is that for centuries they lived in static harmony with nature, in a pristine wilderness that remained unchanged until European colonization. Omer C. Stewart was one of the first anthropologists to recognize that Native Americans made significant impact across a wide range of environments. Most important, they regularly used fire to manage plant communities and associated animal species through varied and localized habitat burning. In Forgotten Fires, editors Henry T. Lewis and M. Kat Anderson present Stewart's original research and insights, written in the 1950s yet still provocative today.
Significant portions of Stewart's text have not been available until now, and Lewis and Anderson set Stewart's findings in the context of current knowledge about Native hunter-gatherers and their uses of fire.
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List of Illustrations xi
An Anthropological Critique Henry T Lewis
An Ecological Critique M Kat Anderson
Blackfeet Indians starting a prairie fire 1903 frontispiece 1 Yosemite Valley 1866 and 1961
The full spectrum of humannature interactions
Trajectories of ecosystem changes
Indigenous resource management at different levels of biological organization
Beating seeds into a collection basket
Digging bulbs and tubers with a hardwood digging stick