Formal Semantics and Pragmatics for Natural Languages

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Taylor & Francis, 1979 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 378 pages
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The essays in this collection are the outgrowth of a workshop, held in June 1976, on formal approaches to the semantics and pragmatics of natural languages. They document in an astoundingly uniform way the develop ments in the formal analysis of natural languages since the late sixties. The avowed aim of the' workshop was in fact to assess the progress made in the application of formal methods to semantics, to confront different approaches to essentially the same problems on the one hand, and, on the other, to show the way in relating semantic and pragmatic explanations of linguistic phenomena. Several of these papers can in fact be regarded as attempts to close the 'semiotic circle' by bringing together the syntactic, semantic and pragmatic properties of certain constructions in an explanatory framework thereby making it more than obvious that these three components of an integrated linguistic theory cannot be as neatly separated as one would have liked to believe. In other words, not only can we not elaborate a syntactic description of (a fragment of) a language and then proceed to the semantics (as Montague pointed out already forcefully in 1968), we cannot hope to achieve an adequate integrated syntax and semantics without paying heed to the pragmatic aspects of the constructions involved. The behavior of polarity items, 'quantifiers' like any, conditionals or even logical particles like and and or in non-indicative sentences is clear-cut evidence for the need to let each component of the grammar inform the other.
 

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Contents

CONDITIONALS GENERIC QUANTIFIERS AND OTHER APPLICATIONS OF SUBGAMES
1
AMBIGUOUS COREFERENCE WITH QUANTIFIERS
37
GENERALIZING QUANTIFICATION FOR NATURAL LANGUAGE
77
SYNTACTIC DOMAINS FOR SEMANTIC RULES
107
VARIABLE BINDING AND RELATIVE CLAUSES
131
ADVERBS OF SPACE AND TIME
171
TIME SCHEMES TENSE LOGIC AND THE ANALYSIS OF ENGLISH TENSES
201
A SYSTEM OF CHRONOLOGICAL TENSE LOGIC
223
SEMANTICS VERSUS PRAGMATICS
255
IMPLICATION REVERSAL IN A NATURAL LANGUAGE
289
STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF THE GRAMMATICAL COMPONENT OF THE TEXTSTRUCTURE WORLDSTRUCTURE THEORY
303
QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS IN A CONTEXTDEPENDENT MONTAGUE GRAMMAR
339
THE INTRODUCTION OF TRUTH PREDICATES INTO FIRSTORDER LANGUAGES
359
LIST OF PARTICIPANTS
373
INDEX
375
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Understanding Pragmatics
Jef Verschueren
No preview available - 1999
Indefinite Pronouns
Martin Haspelmath
No preview available - 1997
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