Formal Organizations: A Comparative Approach
Stanford Business Books, 1962 - Business & Economics - 312 pages
Upon its publication in 1962, this book became one of the founding texts of organizational sociology. Bringing together diverse approaches, it presented a new focus of interest: the formal organization. Blau and Scott raised the level of analysis from attention solely on individual participants and work groups to a broader understanding of organizations as collective actors.
In the book, the authors reviewed multiple types of studies—including case studies, experimental research, and surveys—and integrated them to define new central themes. They used their own empirical studies of two social welfare agencies to illustrate the ways in which varying organizational contexts shape work group and participant attitudes and activities. Formal Organizations served to integrate research on both formal and informal systems, authority and leadership, and stressed the importance of links to the wider environment. This reissue, which includes a new introduction by Scott, makes this seminal work accessible to a new generation of scholars and practitioners.
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The Nature and Types of Formal Organizations
The Organization and Its Publics
The Social Structure of Work Groups
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Administrative Science Quarterly American Sociological Review analysis authoritarian authority automation behavior Blau bureaucratic casework cent characteristics circle groups City Agency clients cohesion colleagues communication competition complex concerned conflict consultation coordination County Agency decisions develop differentiation discussion effective employees example experience factors firms formal organizations Free Press function ganizations Glencoe Gouldner hierarchical Human Relations impersonal increased independent individuals Industrial influence informal status interaction interest Journal of Sociology labor less loyalty managerial mechanisms ment Morris Janowitz norms observer officials operations organizational organizational studies orientation participation patterns peers performance personnel persons Peter Blau prime beneficiary problems procedures processes proclient productivity profes professional rational reference group Reinhard Bendix responsibility result Robert K role S. N. Eisenstadt Seymour Melman social relations social structure social support society Sociometry staff subordinates suggest superior supervision supervisors Talcott Parsons task tend tion union Weber workers York