Foundations of Anasazi Culture: The Basketmaker Pueblo Transition

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Paul F. Reed
University of Utah Press, 2002 - Social Science - 308 pages
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This major synthesis of work explores new evidence gathered at Basketmaker III sites on the Colorado Plateau in search of further understanding of Anasazi development.

Since the 1960s, large-scale cultural resource management projects have revealed the former presence of Anasazi within the entire northern Southwest. These discoveries have resulted in a greatly expanded view of the BMIII period (A.D. 550-750) which immediately proceeds the Pueblo phase. Particularly noteworthy are finding of Basketmaker remains under those of later periods and in sites with open settings, as opposed to the more classic Basketmaker cave and rock shelter sites.

Foundations of Anasazi Culture explores this new evidence in search of further understanding of Anasazi development. Several chapters address the BMII-BMIII transition, including the initial production and use of pottery, greater reliance on agriculture, and the construction of increasingly elaborate structures. Other chapters move beyond the transitional period to discuss key elements of the Anasazi lifestyle, including the use of gray-,red-, and white-ware ceramics, pit structures, storage cists, surface rooms, full dependence on agriculture, and varying degrees of social specialization and differentiation. A number of contributions address one or more of these issues as they occur at specific sites. Other contributors consider the material culture of the period in terms of common elements in architecture, ceramics, lithic technology, and decorative media.

This work on BMIII sites on the Colorado Plateau will be useful to anyone with an interest in the earliest days of Anasazi civilization.

 

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Contents

Fundamental Issues in Basketmaker Archaeology
3
text
4
Locational Architectural and Ceramic Trends
19
5501050
41
Mesa Verde region
47
BASKETMAKER ARCHAEOLOGY ON THE EASTERN SLOPE OF THE CHUSKA MOUNTAINS
67
Socioeconomic Organization of a Late Basketmaker III Community
95
floors
103
Chuska Valley A D 600800
121
LUKACHUKAI TO THE RAINBOW PLATEAU
143
Economics Site Structure and Social Organization
149
Juniper Cove and Early Anasazi Community Structure West of the Chuska Mountains
161
The Basketmaker IIIII Transition on the Rainbow Plateau
175
88
196
96
247
97
279

The Early to Late Basketmaker III Transition in Tohatchi Flats New Mexico
115

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About the author (2002)

Paul F. Reed is an archaeologist with the Navajo Nation Archaeology Department in Farmington, New Mexico.

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