Frames, Fields, and Contrasts: New Essays in Semantic and Lexical Organization
Adrienne Lehrer, Eva Feder Kittay, Richard Lehrer
Routledge, Nov 12, 2012 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 472 pages
Recently, there has been a surge of interest in the lexicon. The demand for a fuller and more adequate understanding of lexical meaning required by developments in computational linguistics, artificial intelligence, and cognitive science has stimulated a refocused interest in linguistics, psychology, and philosophy. Different disciplines have studied lexical structure from their own vantage points, and because scholars have only intermittently communicated across disciplines, there has been little recognition that there is a common subject matter. The conference on which this volume is based brought together interested thinkers across the disciplines of linguistics, philosophy, psychology, and computer science to exchange ideas, discuss a range of questions and approaches to the topic, consider alternative research strategies and methodologies, and formulate interdisciplinary hypotheses concerning lexical organization. The essay subjects discussed include:
* alternative and complementary conceptions of the structure of the lexicon,
* the nature of semantic relations and of polysemy,
* the relation between meanings, concepts, and lexical organization,
* critiques of truth-semantics and referential theories of meaning,
* computational accounts of lexical information and structure, and
* the advantages of thinking of the lexicon as ordered.
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analysis antonyms aspect aspect aspect associated attribute-value sets attributes Barsalou basic bird bitch Chaffin Clark cognitive Cognitive Psychology color common computational Computational Linguistics concepts Conceptual Semantics conceptual structure constraints construction contrast sets Cruse defined dictionary discourse distinct domain dysphemism dysphemistic encode English entries errors Evaluative example exemplars expression Fillmore frame frame semantics function Geraldine Ferraro grammar Herrmann holism human hypernym hyponymy implicature individual interpretation Jackendoff kind Kittay least Lehrer lexeme lexical fields lexical items Lexical semantics lexicon linguistic literally meaning Medin mental meronymy names nonliteral notion nouns object onyms organization pairs particular patterns polysemy pragmatic primitives principles processing properties prototype prototype theory Psychology reference relevant represent representation RISK Scalar schema semantic field semantic relations sense sentence similar speakers specific substitutions syllogism synonyms syntactic syntax taxonomies theory tion typicality values verbs whereas Wierzbicka words