France's Modernising Mission: Citizenship, Welfare and the Ends of Empire
Springer, Dec 12, 2017 - History - 258 pages
This volume explores how France’s ‘modernising mission’ unfolded during the post-war period and its reverberations in the decades after empire. In the aftermath of the Second World War, France sought to reinvent its empire by transforming the traditional ‘civilising mission’ into a ‘modernising mission’. Henceforth, French claims to rule would be based on extending citizenship rights and the promise of economic development and welfare within a ‘Greater France’. In the face of rising anti-colonial mobilization and a new international order, redefining the terms that bound colonised peoples and territories to the metropole was a strategic necessity but also a dynamic which Paris struggled to control. The language of reform and equality was seized upon locally to make claims on metropolitan resources and wrest away the political initiative. Intertwined with coercion and violence, the struggle to define what ‘modernisation’ would mean for colonised societies was a key factor in the wider process of decolonisation. Contributions by leading specialists extend geographically from Africa to the Pacific and to metropolitan France itself, examining a range of topics including education policy, colonial knowledge production, rural development and slum clearance.
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Representative Democracy and the Chieftaincy in French West Africa
Chapter 3 Decolonisation Without Independence? Breaking with the Colonial in New Caledonia 19461975
Part II Mental Maps and the Territory
Chapter 4 Rule of Experts? Governing Modernisation in Late Colonial French Africa
The Colonial State and Social Engineering of Rural Space 18431962
Chapter 6 Shantytowns and Rehousing in Late Colonial Algiers and Casablanca
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A[rchives adapted education Algerian Algiers ANOM ATOM report ATOM’s authorities bidonvilles Brazzaville Caledonia Caledonian Carrières Centrales Casablanca centre Champigny chapter charity’s Chélif chiefs chieftaincy citizenship civilisation colonial administration colonial migrants communes Communist Conseil Général context culture d’Algérie Dahomey Dakar debates decolonisation elected electoral emerged empire European families FR/CAC Française France’s Frederick Cooper French empire French rule French Union French West Africa groups Houël immigrants imperial independence indigénat indigenous institutions issue Kanak late colonial Lenormand living Louis Belpeer Maghrebi Mahieddine major Marseille’s mayor metropole metropolitan France Minguettes Ministry modern modernising mission Montagne Montagne’s Moroccan Morocco municipal Muslim Nanterre nationalist nial North African officials organisations Ouarsenis Overseas Paris peasants Plan political population Portuguese post-war prefect prefecture problem racialisation racism reform rehousing Republic residents rural schools shantytowns slum social housing society territorial assemblies tion traditional University Press urban Vénissieux villages welfare wider