Francis Johnson (1792-1844): Chronicle of a Black Musician in Early Nineteenth-century Philadelphia

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Associated University Presse, 2006 - Biography & Autobiography - 330 pages
Nineteenth-century musician Francis Johnson (1792-1844), a free black Philadelphia native, lived at a fortunate confluence of musical traditions that abounded in the rich cultural life of post-Revolutionary War Philadelphia. He absorbed it all: traditional European music, local white and black folk music, dance and theater music, religious and martial music, and added his particular stamp of genius to achieve unsurpassed popularity in his time. A quarter-century's research into primary nineteenth-century American and European sources yields this portrait of a man of talent and enterprise who flourished artistically and professionally at a time of relative racial tolerance in what was then the nation's cultural capital. Johnson's genius for experimentation was recognized early by music publisher George Willig. Over time Johnson was musical director of nearly every militia unit in the city, often composing original music for performances. His military music was innovative and he was the first to write for the new keyed Kent bugle. The late Charles K. Jones was a leading authority on Early American music, culture, and history. This work is well illustrated.
 

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Contents

Foreword
9
Preface
13
Acknowledgments
17
Library Symbols and Abbreviations
21
PostRevolutionary War Philadelphia
27
17921802
29
18031812
37
18131822
44
Johnson and His Contemporaries
253
Known Early American Bands of Music and Bandmasters
254
Table of Johnsons Compositions
257
Johnsons Music Publishers
267
Letters from Doctors H Smith and S TurpinParham
270
Johnsons Holographs
272
Transcription of the 12241842 St Louis Circuit Court Record
275
Notes
277

Carrying His Music to the People
83
18231832
85
To Europe and Back
143
18331844
145
The Final Years
215
Select Bibliography
303
Index
313
Index of Music
327
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