Francisco Varo's Grammar of the Mandarin Language, 1703: An English Translation of 'Arte de la Lengua Mandarina' /[edited By] W. South Coblin, Joseph A. Levi ; with an Introduction by Sandra Breitenbach
Francisco Varo's "Arte de la Lengua Mandarina," completed ca. 1680, is the earliest published grammar of any spoken form of Chinese and the fullest known description of the standard language of the seventeenth century. It establishes beyond doubt that this "Language of the Mandarins" was not Pekingese or Peking-based but had instead a Jiang-Huai or Nankingese-like phonology. It also provides important information about the nature and formation of pre-modern standard forms of Chinese and will lead to revisions of currently held views on Chinese koines and their relationship with regional speech forms and the received vernacular literature. Finally, it provides a wealth ot information on stylistic speech levels, honorific usage, and social customs of the elite during the early Qing period.The book provides a full translation of the 1703 text of the "Arte," an extensive introduction to the life and work of Varo, an index of Chinese characters inserted into the translation, and an index of linguistic terms and concepts. It should be of interest to a diverse readership of Chinese historical, comparative, and descriptive linguists, students of Qing history and literature, historiographers of linguistics, and specialists in early Western religious and cultural contact with China.
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Introduction by Sandra Breitenbach
A Few Monitions
On the Tones of this Language
On the Declension of the Noun and the Pronoun
On the Substantive Adjectival Comparative and Super
On the Abstract Verbal Nouns Diminutives Frequenta
On The Pronoun
On the Prepositions and Adverbs
On the Way of Forming Sentences
On the Numbers and Numerals
On Various Particles
On the Courteous Words of the Mandarin Language
On How to Name the Mandarins their Relatives
On Courteous Words inter loquendum and Courtesies
Concluding part Confessionarium of Basilic de Glemona
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adverb anteposed Antonio de Nebrija Chapter cheu chii China Chinese grammar Chinese language chti declension Dionysius Thrax Dominican efta efte example fh'ien fh'ing fhieu Franciscan Francisco Varo Fujian goei hai jin hoan hoei iuen k'iti kiai kiao kidi kido kien kieu kuei kung kuon lao ie Latin grammar leang leao lengua Mandarina letters ling linguistic Mandarin language Manila manuscript means ming minister missionaries moei Nebrija's negation nien noun Paragraph particle Petolo pien ping Pinuela postposed Preterite pronounced pronunciation rendered seng sentence siang siao someone Spanish speaking syllable t'eu t'ien t'iSn t'ung teng things ting tone tuon Varo Varo's Varo's Arte verb words writing xang xin mo xing