Franklin: tragic hero of polar navigation
In 1845 Captain Sir John Franklin led a large, well equipped expedition to complete the conquest of the Canadian Arctic, to find the fabled North West Passage connecting the North Atlantic to the North Pacific. Yet Franklin, his ships and men were fated never to return. The cause of their loss remains a mystery.Shocked by the disappearance of all 129 officers and men, and sickened by reports of cannibalism, the Victorians re-created Franklin as the brave Christian hero who laid down his life, and those of his men. Later generations have been more sceptical about Franklin and his supposed selfless devotion to duty. But does either view really explain why this outstanding scientific navigator found his ships trapped in pack ice seventy miles from magnetic north?Andrew Lambert re-examines the life and the evidence with his customary brilliance and authority. In this riveting story of the Arctic, he discovers a new Franklin: a character far more complex, and more truly heroic, than previous histories have allowed.
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The North West Passage Designs and Delusions
John Franklin Navigator
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Admiralty agenda American Antarctic April Arctic Arctic mission Baffin Bay Beechey Island Belcher Bering Strait Board Britain British Association cannibalism Cape Captain charts coast Collinson Colonial Office command convict Crozier Diemen's Land discovery Edward Sabine ensure Erebus Francis Beaufort Franklin expedition Franklin to Jane Gauss Herschel Hobart hope Hudson's Bay Company Humboldt Humboldtian Hydrographer interest Inuit James Clark Ross Jane to Murchison Jane's John Barrow John Franklin June King William Island Lady Franklin Lancaster Sound Lieutenant London Lord Mackaness magnetic observations magnetic science March Markham McClintock McClure ML MSS narrative navigation Navy North West Passage observatory Palmerston Parry Rae's Richardson Ross's Royal Geographical Society Royal Society Sabine's sailed scientific scientists Scoresby search mission secured sent ships Sir John sledge Sophia Cracroft SPRI Tasmania tion took voyage Wellington Channel whaling winter