Fraud and Fallible Judgement: Varieties of Deception in the Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Nathaniel J. Pallone, James J. Hennessey
Transaction Publishers, Jan 1, 1995 - Social Science - 190 pages
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Fraud and Fallible Judgment is both an exploration of fraud and an examination of the nature of truth in social relations and experience. The essays in this volume are concerned with deception in the social and behavioral sciences, and conditions that elicit deceptive behavior among scientists, whatever then-discipline. The issue of fraud in the social sciences moves far beyond a simple dictionary definition of duplicity. Errors in experimentation are less definite and less concrete than they are in the physical sciences. Fraud in the social sciences ranges from simple plagiarism of data and ideas to quiet suppression of information.

The essays in "Fraud and Fallible Judgment "raise issues of professional judgment from self-policing to academic policy. Episodes of misconduct in research, once resolved within the academic or scientific community, are now commanding media attention on an unprecedented scale. One net effect over the long term may prove to be that public confidence in the research enterprise has been irretrievably weakened (likewise, perhaps, public willingness to invest tax dollars in the support of that enterprise). Allegations of fraud can also be used to destroy careers. Once maligned, a reputation may never be repaired.

The very act of writing on the subject with candor and intelligence is itself an act of rare courage. Contributions to this volume include: David Goodstein, "The Fading Myth of the Noble Scientist"; J. Phillipe Rushton, "Cyril Hurt as the Victim of Scientific Hoax"; Del Thiessen and Robert Young, "Investigating Sexual Coercion"; and Marcel LaFollette, "The Silence of the Social Sciences." This volume is an ideal text for students and scientists in all areas of the social and behavioral sciences, particularly psychologists and sociologists.

 

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Contents

Deception Fraud and Fallible Judgment
3
The Fading Myth of the Noble Scientist
21
The Role of the Social Sciences in the Analysis of Research Misconduct
35
Advocacy Scholarship and the Refraction of Truth
45
Miscounting Social Ills
47
Investigating Sexual Coercion
65
The Myth of a Stolen Legacy
73
On SelfSuppression
87
Attribution and Misattribution of Deception
107
Making Monsters
109
Incest Freud and Fraud
135
Cyril Burt Fallible Judgments about Deception
147
Cyril Burt as the Victim of Scientific Hoax
163
Benevolent Misdiagnosis Fraud by Euphemism in the Mental Health Professions
173
Contributors
183
Index
185

The Egalitarian Fiction
95

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