Free Thoughts on Despotic and Free Governments; As Connected with the Happiness of the Governor and the Governed
This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1781 Excerpt: ... CHAP. X. ON THE DIFFERENT RANKS AND DEGREES OF SUBJECTS. i.npHE Princes of the blood can JL have no personal security under a despotic government, nor can the children of the despot have any attachment to each other. If the father is jealous of his children, he may easily be prevailed upon to provide for his own security, by causing them to be strangled. As he can name any one of them for his successor, they mud be jealous of each other, and the more fc, because the safety of the successor requires, that all his brothers should be destroyed. As the despot is not confined to his own family for the choice of a successor, they may all be set aside; which must be fatal to every O 2 one one os them. Should he neglect to name 3 successor, the consequence must be a civil war, ending perhaps in the extirpation of the family, or the division of the Empire.' For the confirmation of these positions, founded in the very nature of despotism, we may refer, if need be, to the History of the Roman Empire, of Russia, of Turkey, and of Persia, ancient and modern. Under a free government, . the princes of the blood, be they ever so numerous, enjoy personal security; they help to support, and are supported by the throne; they bear the highest honours, and share the most important offices in the state. $ 1. The prime minister of a despotic sovereign, like a lofty and wide spreading oak, may excite the admiration of mankind, while, like the beasts of the field, they couch beneath his shadow. A sudden storm arises, the thunder roars, the lightnings flash, in a moment, in the twinkling os an eye, the oak is rent in twain, and the beasts which sought shelter under its branches, escape from is. with with the utmost precipitation.--We see Haman, the son of Hammedatha the Agagi...
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