Friendship in the Classical World

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Cambridge University Press, Feb 6, 1997 - History - 206 pages
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This book - the only history of friendship in classical antiquity that exists in English - examines the nature of friendship in Greece and Rome from Homer to the Christian Roman Empire of the fourth century AD. Friendship is conceived of as a voluntary and loving relationship, but there are major shifts in emphasis from the bonding among warriors in epic poetry, to the egalitarian ties characteristic of the Athenian democracy, the status-conscious connections in Rome and the Hellenistic kingdoms, and the commitment to a universal love among Christian writers. Friendship is also examined in relation to erotic love and comradeship, for its role in politics and economic life, in philosophical and religious communities, in connection with patronage and the private counsellors of kings, and in respect to women. Its relation to modern friendship is also fully discussed.
 

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Contents

ARCHAIC GREECE
24
PHILOS
28
HETAIROS
31
XENOS
33
EROS
37
THERAPÍN
40
PATROCLUS AND ACHILLES
41
THE WORLD OF HESIOD
42
FRIENDSHIP AND STOIC PERFECTION
113
PYTHAGOREANISM AND THE CULT OF FRIENDSHIP
114
PARABLES OF FRIENDSHIP
115
FRIENDSHIP IN THE GREAT WORLD
120
ROME
122
CICERO AND HIS FRIENDS
124
FRIENDSHIP IN POLITICS
128
CICERO ON FRIENDSHIP
130

LYRIC POETRY AND THE SYMPOSIUM
44
SAPPHO AND WOMENS FRIENDSHIPS
47
IAMBIC AND ELEGIAC POETRY
48
FRIENDSHIP AND CLASS CONFLICT
49
THE CLASSICAL CITY
53
HELPING FRIENDS
56
FRIENDSHIP AND POLITICS
60
ARISTOTLE ON THE KINDS OF PHILIA
67
ARISTOTLE ON THE GROUNDS OF FRIENDSHIP
72
FRIENDS AND FINANCE
78
ALLIES AND FOREIGN FRIENDS
83
PUBLIC AND PRIVATE
87
WOMEN AS FRIENDS
90
FRIENDSHIP IN THE POLIS
91
THE HELLENISTIC WORLD
93
FRIENDS AT COURT
95
FRIENDS AND FLATTERERS
98
FRANKNESS AND FREE SPEECH
103
FRIENDS AND RULERS
105
EPICUREANISM
108
FRIENDS VS COUNTRY
131
STATUS AND THE QUESTION OF PATRONAGE
135
THE DINNERPARTY SCENE
137
GREAT FRIENDS
140
PATRONS AND POETS
143
FRIENDSHIP BETWEEN MEN AND WOMEN
146
FRIENDSHIP IN IMPERIAL SOCIETY
147
CHRISTIAN AND PAGAN
149
HYPOCRISY AND FRIENDSHIP
153
FRIENDSHIP VS BROTHERLY LOVE
156
FRIENDSHIP AND VIRTUE
158
SOME CHRISTIAN VIEWS
161
GREGORY OF NAZIANZUS ON FRIENDSHIP
163
JOHN CASSIAN AND MONASTIC FRIENDSHIP
165
FRIENDSHIP WITH GOD
167
FRIENDSHIP IN LATE ANTIQUITY
170
BIBLIOGRAPHICAL ESSAY
174
BIBLIOGRAPHY
177
INDEX
199
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