From Confrontation to Cooperation: The Takeover of the National People's (East German) Army by the Bundeswehr

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Greenwood Publishing Group, 1999 - History - 229 pages

At midnight on October 2, 1990, the West German armed forces took over the approximately 90,000 men comprising the National People's (East German) Army (NVA) and assumed control of its substantial arsenal. This study is an analysis of that unification from its beginning in July 1990 to the end of summer of 1993 when all applications for future service of former NVA officers and non-commissioned officers had been processed. Using numerous un-published sources and interviews, the author addresses the following areas: the organization used by the Bundeswehr and the political control exerted in the Takeover, the key decisions reached and the explanation of these decisions, the relationship of the Takeover to the new Army Structure 5 being implemented at the time, and the effect of the Takeover on the Bundeswehr's operational readiness, especially its ability to perform its new tasks identified in the spring 1991.

The first scholarly study of the Takeover, this study focuses on 11 key decisions, made not only for military reasons, but also for political, economic, social, and psychological purposes. Overall, the Takeover was a success in light of the numerous goals it achieved while avoiding the outbreak of violence. The Bundeswehr achieved this success mainly because it relied on liberal democratic principles, including those comprising the unique German concept of Innere F^Duhrung (civic education and moral leadership). This book also provides an overall evaluation of the Takeover and contributes to theory-building on army amalgamations.

 

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Contents

Introduction
xix
Amalgamation Case Studies and Theory
7
The Political Setting
17
The Military Setting
27
Organization and Political Control
55
Management and Force Structure Decisions
81
Personnel Decisions
91
Training and Education Decisions
133
The Takeover and the New Tasks of the Bundeswehr
171
Conclusion
181
Key Figures in the Takeover
197
Army Structure 5
199
Peacetime Organization of the German Army in 1994
203
Selected Bibliography
205
Index
221
Copyright

Equipment and Facilities Decisions
155

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Page 213 - Vertrag über gute Nachbarschaft, Partnerschaft und Zusammenarbeit zwischen der Bundesrepublik Deutschland und der Union der Sozialistischen Sowjetrepubliken vom 9.
Page 213 - Abkommen zwischen der Regierung der Bundesrepublik Deutschland und der Regierung der Union der Sozialistischen Sowjetrepubliken über die Entwicklung der wirtschaftlichen, industriellen und technischen Zusammenarbeit vom 19.
Page xx - FRG Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) GDR German Democratic Republic (East Germany...

About the author (1999)

FREDERICK ZILIAN, JR. is the chair of the History Department at Portsmouth Abbey School in Portsmouth, Rhode Island, where he teaches German, European History, and U.S. History. A 1970 graduate of the U.S. Military Academy, the author served in various command, staff, and teaching positions throughout a 21-year Army career as an infantry officer including tours in Germany, Korea, at the Pentagon, and teaching assignments at both the U.S. Military Academy (Department of Social Sciences) and the Naval War College (Strategy Department).

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