From Cottage to Bungalow: Houses and the Working Class in Metropolitan Chicago, 1869-1929

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University of Chicago Press, Aug 15, 2001 - Architecture - 261 pages
Between 1869 and 1929, immigrants streamed into the city of Chicago at unprecedented rates. The burgeoning working-class neighborhoods and houses that these immigrants inhabited are at the heart of From Cottage to Bungalow.

In this unique book, Joseph C. Bigott challenges many common assumptions about the origins of modern housing. For example, most studies of this period maintain that the prosperous, middle-class housing market produced innovations in housing and community design that filtered down to the lower ranks much later. Bigott shows that the number of houses built for the working class far exceeded those built for the middle class and argues that this dynamic low-end housing market generated enormous wealth and significant social change.

Bigott analyzes ubiquitous, yet previously ignored, aspects of the built environment to make his argument. Drawing on physical evidence found throughout Chicago, he shows how modern bungalows evolved from nineteenth-century cottages through years of incremental change in construction practices, building materials, and methods of selling real estate. He also explores the social and cultural consequences of working-class home ownership by examining two of Chicago's largest immigrant groups, the Germans and the Poles. To show how changes on the landscape affected the lives of ordinary people, Bigott provides a fascinating look inside these communities and their working conditions, labor relations, local politics, and religious institutions. He argues that an intimate, local form of capitalism thrived, even as the great corporations of the day flourished. By improving the circumstances of everyday life, immigrants expanded the notion of who might become worthy citizens to include groups who, fifty years earlier, had been considered beyond redemption.

Ultimately, this book shows that the transformation from cottage to bungalow reminds us that material progress has the power to diminish, as well as extend, the barriers that separate American citizens.

 

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Contents

INTRODUCTION From Cottage to Bungalow
1
PART ONE The Evolution of Common House Forms
19
PART TWO Local Capitalism and the Origins of
55
CHAPTER THREE Local Politics and the Pullman Strike
87
PART THREE New Immigrants Citizenship
107
PART FOUR Polish Community Life and
147
CHAPTER SIX FirstGeneration Politics and Reform
163
CHAPTER SEVEN The New Civic Culture
178
CONCLUSION The Search for Order
205
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About the author (2001)

Joseph C. Bigott is an assistant professor in the Department of History and Political Science at Purdue University, Calumet.

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