From 'Foreign Natives' to 'Native Foreigners'. Explaining Xenophobia in Post-apartheid South Africa: Explaining Xenophobia in Post-apartheid South Africa
Xenophobia is a political discourse. As such, its historical development as well as the conditions of its existence must be elucidated in terms of the practices and prescriptions that structure the field of politics. In South Africa, its history is connected to the manner citizenship has been conceived and fought over during the past fifty years at least. Migrant labour was de-nationalised by the apartheid state, while African nationalism saw it as the very foundation of that oppressive system. However, only those who could show a family connection with the colonial/apartheid formation of Sout.
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active apartheid areas argued attempts authoritarian Bantustans Basotho Braamfontein civil society clearly colonial conception of citizenship concerned context COSATU culture Davies and Head democracy democratic democratisation document dominant economic ethnic example exclusion fact Fanon foreigners Freedom Charter fundamentally hegemonic Home Affairs Human Rights Discourse ibid illegal immigrants independence indigeneity institutions interpellation issue Johannesburg land latter legislation Lesotho liberal liberal democracy Lindela Mail and Guardian Mamdani migrant labour migrant labour system miners movement nationalist Neocosmos non-citizens noted one’s oppressed organisations particular passive peasant peasantry people’s period permanent residence perspective police political identities post-colonial practice prescriptions Pretoria proletarianisation racial racism region relations result rule rural SADC SAHRC simply social South Africa Southern Africa stressed structures subjects Sunnyside tion townships trade union tradition urban urbanisation workers xenophobia xenophobia in South xenophobic xenophobic discourse Zimbabwe