From Frankfurt to Jerusalem: Isaac Breuer and the History of the Secession Dispute in Modern Jewish Orthodoxy

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BRILL, Jan 1, 2002 - Religion - 384 pages
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During the German "Kulturkampf" in the 1870s, the Frankfurt rabbi Samson Raphael Hirsch enjoined all Jews of his community to exercise a right given by Prussian law: to withdraw from the united community which was dominated by Reform forces in order to belong only to a separate Orthodox community, founded according to Jewish law (Halakha). This work investigates the significance of these events for Orthodox Judaism in the 20th century. Focussing on the philosophy of Isaac Breuer, the grandson of Hirsch, Frankfurt attorney, novelist and co-founder of the Orthodox world movement Agudat Israel, this book describes the dilemmas of observant Jewry vis-a-vis the secularist Zionist movement. It shows the genesis modern Jewish Orthodoxy and helps to understand its activities, in a new "Kulturkampf," in the state of Israel until today.
 

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Contents

The Problem of Jewish Unity at the Turn of
13
The Beginnings of the Mizrachi
20
The Beginnings of the Agudas Yisroel
38
Independent Orthodoxy in World War I
65
Mizrachi and Agudas Yisroel Between the Wars
82
PART
103
The Frankfurt Narrative as Historical Precedent
113
The Model Community
156
A Life of Contrasts
211
Hirsch and Kant
237
Hirsch and Herzl
265
Hirsch and Marx
285
On the Road to Cooperation? Hirsch and Kook
314
Conclusion
336
General Index
375
Index of Names
381

TorahimDerekhEretz
168
Halakha
188

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About the author (2002)

Matthias Morgenstern is Lecturer for Hebrew at the University of Tübingen and is Lecturer for Jewish Studies at the University of Frankfurt/Main. He has published Kampf um den Staat. Religion und Nationalismus in Israel (Frankfurt am Main, 1990) and Theater und zionistischer Mythos. Eine Studie zum zeitgenössischen hebräischen Drama mit besonderer Berücksichtigung des Werkes von Joshua Sobol

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