From Gods to God: The Dynamics of Iron Age Cosmologies
The birth of the West stems from the rejection of tradition. All our evidence for this influence comes from the Axial period, 800-400 BCE. Baruch Halpern explores the impact of changing cosmologies and social relations on cultural change in that era, especially from Mesopotamia to Israel and Greece, but extending across the Mediterranean, not least to Egypt and Italy. In this volume he shows how an explosion of international commerce and exchange, which can be understood as a Renaissance, led to the redefinition of selfhood in various cultures and to Reformation. The process inevitably precipitated an Enlightenment. This has happened over and over in human history and in academic or cultural fields. It is the basis of modernization, or Westernization, wherever it occurs, and whatever form it takes.
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Late Israelite Astronomies and the Early Greeks
Ahab Aharoni Ahaz altars Amaziah Amos ancestral Arad Asherah ashtorets Assyrian astral baal Babylonian Biblical Books of Kings btyw burial Canaanite Myth canon century BCE Chronicles clan sector context cult cultic culture David Deut Deuteronomistic History Deuteronomy divine DtrH E(Dtr)x earth Egypt Ekron elite evidence Excavations exile Exod Ezek Ezekiel fathers formulae gods Halpern Hezekiah high places historian Hosea host of heaven Huldah's oracle icons idem Imlk imply Inscriptions Iron Age Isaiah Israel Israelite Jehoiakim Jeremiah Jeroboam Jerusalem Josiah Josiah's death Josiah's reform Judahite Judg kings of Judah kinship Lachish Manasseh metaphor Monarchy monotheism Na'aman narrative Press priests probably prophecy prophets prose Provan redaction reference reflects reign religion sacrifice Samaria Sargon Sargon II Scholars Sennacherib seventh century Shephelah shrines Sisera Solomon SongDeb stars Studies supplementary note temple term theology tion tomb tradition Weippert worship Xenophanes Yahweh Yhwh Yhwh's