From Hogarth to Rowlandson: Medicine in Art in Eighteenth-century Britain

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Liverpool University Press, 1996 - History - 336 pages
From Hogarth to Rowlandson shows how medicine and medical practitioners were portrayed by some of the artists of the eighteenth century. Medical imagery is a forceful component of eighteenth-century art and, taken as a corpus, the works of artists such as Hogarth and Rowlandson provide a lay view of some of the contemporary medical developments and of the attitudes held towards members of the medical profession. Eighteenth-century medical imagery does not only appear overtly as illustrations of medical men with their patients being purged, bled, "given a vomit" and so forth, but also appears indirectly as part of a "language" based upon symbolism, allegory and the use of emblems in a traditional manner still commonly employed in the eighteenth century. Haslam places "the art of medicine" of the eighteenth century in its social, historical and political context and shows how this, together with a knowledge of the lives of the artists themselves, is necessary for a better understanding of that art in an age in which hope was often raised by medical innovation, but all too often dashed. Among the aspects considered are: medical images in Hogarth's early satires, the innovation of vaccination, death, madness, fashion in medicine, midwifery and birth, blood-letting, the role and practice of the itinerant quack, surgery, and medicine and morality.

This book provides an insight into the use of highly charged and often complicated representations of medicine and doctors in graphic and literary art. It will be of interest to social, medical and art historians as well as to general readers.
 

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Contents

Introduction I
1
the History of the Development
14
Early Satires
27
The Company of Undertakers
52
The Itinerant Quack
67
Medical Images in EighteenthCentury
87
MarriageālaMode
115
Hogarth at St Bartholomews Hospital
132
Aerial aetherial magnetic and electrical applications
195
Wonders Wonders Wonders and Wonders 2
202
Animal magnetism 2
214
To the Tomb 2 45
251
A public anatomy
257
Kill or cure
266
IO The End
277
97
297

A Question of Taste or a Taste of Madness
144
Treatment of madness
167
Fashions in Health and Treatment
174

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About the author (1996)

Fiona Haslam worked for many years in medical practice and in 1986, while still working she began her research into medicine and art, which resulted in the award of a doctorate from the University of St Andrews. She has written a number of articles on medicine and art and is the author of From Hogarth to Rowlandson: Medicine in Art in Eighteenth Century Britain (Liverpool University Press, 1996)

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