From Juvenile Delinquency to Adult Crime: Criminal Careers, Justice Policy and Prevention

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Rolf Loeber, David P. Farrington
OUP USA, Jun 21, 2012 - Law - 399 pages
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What makes a juvenile delinquent develop into an adult criminal? What defines-cognitively, developmentally, legally-the transition from juvenile to adult and what determines whether patterns of criminal behavior persist? In most US states and Western nations, legal adulthood begins at age 18. This volume focuses on the period surrounding that abrupt transition (roughly ages 15-29) and addresses what happens to offending careers during it. Edited by two leading authorities in the fields of psychology and criminology, Transitions from Juvenile Delinquency to Adult Crime examines why the period of transition is important and how it can be better understood and addressed both inside and outside of the justice system. Bringing together over thirty leading scholars from multiple disciplines in both North America and Europe, this volume asks critical questions about criminal careers and causation, and whether current legal definitions of adulthood accurately reflect actual maturation and development. The volume also addresses the current efficacy of the justice system in addressing juvenile crime and recidivism, why and how juveniles ought to be treated differently from adults, if special legal provisions should be established for young adults, and the effectiveness of crime prevention programs implemented during early childhood and adolescence. With serious scholarly analysis and practical policy proposals, Transitions from Juvenile Delinquency to Adult Crime addresses what can be done to ensure that today's juvenile delinquents do not become tomorrow's adult criminals.

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1 Introduction
2 Criminal Career Patterns
3 Explanations for Offending
4 Contextual Influences
Drug Dealers Gang Members Homicide Offenders and Sex Offenders
6 Prediction and RiskNeeds Assessments
7 Legal Boundaries Between the Juvenile and Criminal Justice Systems in the United States
What Happens What Should Happen and What We Need to Know
Effective Prevention and Intervention to Reduce Serious Offending
10 European Perspectives
11 Overview Conclusions and Key Recommendations

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About the author (2012)

Rolf Loeber, Ph.D., is Distinguished University Professor of Psychiatry, and Professor of Psychology, and Epidemiology at the University of Pittsburgh and Professor of Juvenile Delinquency and Social Development at the Free University, Amsterdam, Netherlands. He is Co-director of the Life History Program.

David P. Farrington, O.B.E., is Professor of Psychological Criminology at the Institute of Criminology, Cambridge University, and Adjunct Professor of Psychiatry at Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic, University of Pittsburgh.

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