From Kant to Husserl
Main description: In From Kant to Husserl, Charles Parsons examines a wide range of historical opinion on philosophical questions, from mathematics to phenomenology. Amplifying his early ideas on Kant's philosophy of arithmetic, Parsons uses Kant's lectures on metaphysics to explore how his arithmetical concepts relate to the categories. He then turns to early reactions by two immediate successors of Kant, Johann Schultz and Bernard Bolzano, to shed light on disputed questions regarding interpretation of Kant's philosophy of mathematics. Interested, as well, in what Kant meant by 0pure natural science,0 Parsons considers the relationship between the first Critique and the Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science. His commentary on Kant's Transcendental Aesthetic departs from mathematics to engage the vexed question of what it tells about the meaning of Kant's transcendental idealism.Proceeding on to phenomenology, Parsons examines Frege's evolving idea of extensions, his attitude toward set theory, and his correspondence, particularly exchanges with Russell and Husserl. An essay on Brentano brings out, in the case of judgment, an alternative to the now standard Fregean view of negation, and, on truth, alternatives to the traditional correspondence view that are still discussed today. Ending with the question of why Husserl did not take the 0linguistic turn,0 a final essay included here marks the only article-length discussion of Husserl Parsons has ever written, despite a long-standing engagement with this philosopher.
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Aesthetic affirms algebra analytical philosophy appears argues argument axioms Bolzano Brentano Cantor Carnap cept cited claim clear concept of number concerning construction correspondence Critique Dagfinn Fĝllesdal denies discussion distinction Dummett empirical Essay evidence example existence explicitly Exposition expressed extension fact formulation Frege Friedman geometry Gottlob Frege Grundgesetze Husserl Ibid idea interpretation intu involved Johann Schultz judge judgment Kant Kant’s conception Kant’s philosophy Kant’s view Kantian Kitcher knowledge letter linguistic turn logic Logik magnitude matter meaning ment Metaphysical Foundations Metaphysik noema noematic sense notes notion objects paradox particular passage perception Philosophy of Arithmetic philosophy of mathematics possible predicate present priori intuition proof propositions Prüfung pure quantum question reference reism relation remarks representation role Russell Russell’s Schematism Schultz second-order logic seems sense and reference sensible set theory singular spatial statement suggests synthetic things thought tion trans transcendental transcendental idealism translation true truth writings