From New Zion to Old Zion: American Jewish Immigration and Settlement in Palestine, 1917-1939

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Wayne State University Press, 2002 - History - 425 pages
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American aliyah (immigration to Palestine) began in the mid-nineteenth century fueled by the desire of Americans Jews to study Torah and by their wish to live and be buried in the Holy Land. This movement of people -- men and women increased between World War I and II, in direct contrast to the European Jewry's desire to immigrate to the United States. Why would American Jews want to leave America, and what characterized their resettlement? From New Zion to Old Zion analyzes the migration of American Jews to Palestine between the two World Wars and explores the contribution of these settlers to the building of Palestine.

Joseph B. Glass details the scope and scale of this migration, outlines the characteristics of the immigrants, and constructs profiles of four distinct immigrant groups -- orthodox, middle-class agriculturists, urban professionals, and halutzim (pioneers). Glass studies the motivational factors for emigration from the United States, sources of information and available resources required for settlement, and the political barriers to migration. He examines the activities of the American Zion Commonwealth and its purchase and development of land in Palestine, as well as the settlement initiatives of various American companies and ahuza societies. Glass explores the role of individual men and women in urban and rural settlement on privately purchased and Jewish National Fund land.

From New Zion to Old Zion draws upon international archival correspondence, newspapers, maps, photographs, interviews, and fieldwork to provide students and scholars of immigration and settlement processes, the Yishuv (Jewish community in Palestine), and American-Holy Land studies awell-researched portrait of aliyah.

 

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Contents

Introduction17
17
ATTITUDES TOWARD AMERICAN JEWISH MIGRATION
36
INFORMATION AND ASSISTANCE
68
MOTIVATIONS FOR AMERICAN IMMIGRATION TO PALESTINE
88
la U S and Canadian applicants for immigration to Palestine
113
IMMIGRATION POLICIES
118
THE SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF AMERICAN OUM 1133
134
AMERICAN AHUZA COLONIES
156
Rosoff settlements 1935
241
NATIONAL FUND LANDS
251
Settlement of American Halutzim 191839
261
AMERICANS IN THE URBAN ENVIRONMENT
272
Development of Jerusalem to 1937
276
American activities in Tel Aviv to 1939
295
American activities in Haifa to 1927
304
Migdal garden city and estate plans ca 1925
320

3a Raanana and its vicinity 1938
170
THE AMERICAN ZION COMMONWEALTH 19141928 181
181
6a Balfouria plan of settlement and various structures 1923
198
7a Plan and location of Herzlia 1924 zones 1 2 and 3
212
8a Plan of Afula 1925
220
Purchases in Haifa Bay and the Jezreel Valley 1926
228
PRIVATE DEVELOPMENT IN THE RURAL SECTOR
234
Nahalat Itzhak 1933
324
Conclusion
326
Notes341
341
Bibliography
393
Index 411
411
Copyright

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