From Poor Law to Community Care: The Development of Welfare Services for Elderly People 1939-1971
Recent community care changes have raised fundamental issues about the changing role of the public, voluntary and informal sectors in the provision of social care to older people. They have also raised issues about the health and social care interface, the extent to which services should be rationed and the respective roles of residential care and care at home.From Poor Law to community care sets these debates in the context of the historical growth of welfare services from the outbreak of the Second World War through to the establishment of social services departments in 1971. Based on extensive research on primary sources, such as the Public Records Office and interviews with key actors, the book considers the changing perceptions of the needs of elderly people, the extent to which they have been a priority for resources and the possibilities for a policy which combines respect for elderly people with an avoidance of the exploitation of relatives.This is an updated second edition of The development of welfare services for elderly people, first published by Croom Helm, 1985. It is essential reading for practitioners and policy makers interested in gerontology, policy studies, community care and postgraduate students studying and training in a range of health and social care related professions.
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two Evacuation and elderly people in the Second World War
the emergence of
four The 1948 National Assistance Act and the provision of welfare
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1948 National Assistance administrative Age Concern Annual Report argued Assistance Board authority associations beds Beveridge Report bombing raids BRCS British Red Cross central government chapter chronic sick Circular claimed concern Council debate DHSS domiciliary services established evacuation frail elderly geriatric GLC Records Office groups Hansard health and welfare health visitor HMSO home help service homeless hospital hostels House of Commons Ibid infirm institutions issue Labour legislation London meals on wheels meals services Medical Officer memorandum mental Minister Ministry of Health National Assistance Act National Health Service NCCOP NCSS NOPWC Nuffield Foundation nursing old age Old People's Welfare OPWC patients pensions Poor Law problem provision for elderly public assistance residential accommodation residential homes residents responsibility rest centres role schemes Seebohm Report seen services for elderly social workers staff stressed Titmuss Townsend voluntary organisations welfare departments welfare services women