From Silver to Cocaine: Latin American Commodity Chains and the Building of the World Economy, 1500–2000

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Steven Topik, Carlos Marichal, Zephyr Frank
Duke University Press, Jul 18, 2006 - Business & Economics - 384 pages
Demonstrating that globalization is a centuries-old phenomenon, From Silver to Cocaine examines the commodity chains that have connected producers in Latin America with consumers around the world for five hundred years. In clear, accessible essays, historians from Latin America, England, and the United States trace the paths of many of Latin America’s most important exports: coffee, bananas, rubber, sugar, tobacco, silver, henequen (fiber), fertilizers, cacao, cocaine, indigo, and cochineal (insects used to make dye). Each contributor follows a specific commodity from its inception, through its development and transport, to its final destination in the hands of consumers. The essays are arranged in chronological order, according to when the production of a particular commodity became significant to Latin America’s economy. Some—such as silver, sugar, and tobacco—were actively produced and traded in the sixteenth century; others—such as bananas and rubber—only at the end of the nineteenth century; and cocaine only in the twentieth.

By focusing on changing patterns of production and consumption over time, the contributors reconstruct complex webs of relationships and economic processes, highlighting Latin America’s central and interactive place in the world economy. They show how changes in coffee consumption habits, clothing fashions, drug usage, or tire technologies in Europe, Asia, and the Americas reverberate through Latin American commodity chains in profound ways. The social and economic outcomes of the continent’s export experience have been mixed. By analyzing the dynamics of a wide range of commodities over a five-hundred-year period, From Silver to Cocaine highlights this diversity at the same time that it provides a basis for comparison and points to new ways of doing global history.

Contributors. Marcelo Bucheli, Horacio Crespo, Zephyr Frank, Paul Gootenberg, Robert Greenhill, Mary Ann Mahony, Carlos Marichal, David McCreery, Rory Miller, Aldo Musacchio, Laura Nater, Ian Read, Mario Samper, Steven Topik, Allen Wells

 

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Contents

Commodity Chains in Theory and in Latin American History
Export Commodity and Global Money of the Ancien Regime 15501800
Indigo Commodity Chains in the Spanish and British Empires 15601860
Mexican Cochineal and the European Demand for American Dyes 15501850
Key Commodity of the Spanish Empire 15001800
Brazil and Costa Rica Steven Topik and Mario Samper
Protectionism Subsidies and Regulation
Internal and External Factors in the Development of Bahias Cacao Sector
Guano and Nitrate 18401930
Brazil in the International Rubber Trade 18701930
The Life and Times of Yucatecan Henequen
The Rise and Demise of a Global Commodity 18601950
Commodity Chains and Globalization in Historical Perspective
Contributors
Index
Copyright

The Banana in US History

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About the author (2006)

Steven Topik is Professor of History at the University of California, Irvine. His books include The World That Trade Created: Society, Culture, and the World Economy, 1400 to the Present (with Kenneth Pomeranz) and Trade and Gunboats: The United States and Brazil in the Age of Empire.

Carlos Marichal is Professor in the Centro de Estudios Históricos at El Colegio de México. He is the author of A Century of Debt Crises in Latin America: From Independence to the Great Depression, 1820–1930 and numerous books in Spanish.

Zephyr Frank is Assistant Professor of Latin American History at Stanford University. He is the author of Dutra’s World: Wealth and Family in Nineteenth-Century Rio de Janeiro.

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