From Sprawl to Sustainability: Smart Growth, New Urbanism, Green Development, and Renewable Energy

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American Bar Association, 2010 - City planning - 368 pages
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Rev. ed. of: From sprawl to smart growth.
 

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Contents

The Recurrent Problem of Sprawl
3
Definition and Impacts
6
Current Hiccups in Sprawl and Consequent Opportunities for Sustainable Systems
9
Traditional Land Use Tools and Their Ineffectiveness to Combat Sprawl
11
The Ramapo System and the Creation of Smart Growth
15
The Need for Sustainable Growth Policies
21
The Nationalization of Sprawl
23
Sustainability Impacts of Sprawl
29
Benefits of FormBased Codes
185
LEED for Neighborhood Development LEEDND
186
How Does LEEDND Work?
187
Sustainability Green Development and Renewable Energy
191
Green Development
193
Definition of Green Development
194
Measuring Green Development
195
Green Building Benefits and Other Driving Forces
196

Housing Impacts
30
Fiscal Impact
31
Intergovernmental Impact
33
Transportation Impacts
34
Agricultural and Open Space Impacts
35
The Ramapo Plan The First Sustainable Solution to the Problem of Sprawl
37
Coming to Ramapo
38
The Basis for Growth Controls
39
The Campaign
44
Interim Development Controls
47
Implementing the Ramapo Plan
52
The Effect of the Plan
55
The Ramapo Decision
56
The Ramapo Opinion
58
PostRamapo
67
From Ramapo to an Urbanizing Tier System
68
Constitutional Challenges
69
Substantive Due Process
73
Equal Protection
74
The GoodFaith Requirement of Concurrency and Adequate Public Facility Regulation under State Substantive Due Process
75
Regional General Welfare
76
State and Regional Sustainability Solutions
81
State Solutions
83
Sustainable Smart Growth in California
86
State Smart Growth Planning PrioritiesAB 857
87
The State Planning Law
88
SB 375Transportation Planning Traffic Demand Modeling and Sustainable Communities Strategy Act
89
California Green Building Standards
92
State Growth Management Legislation Utilizing Ramapo Techniques
93
New Jersey
95
Washington
99
Oregon
101
Vermont
104
Georgia
107
Maryland
109
Florida
110
The Federal Role in Working with the States to Achieve Smart Growth
114
Regional Sustainable Growth
121
Compact Development Transportation Corridors and Freestanding CentersNew Towns
122
MinneapolisSt Paul Urban Growth Boundaries and Compact Development
125
Compact Urban Growth Boundaries Authorized by State Law
134
Transportation Corridors
137
The Washington DC Regional Radial Transportation Corridors Plan
145
Seattle to Tacoma
149
New Towns and Freestanding Urban Centers
157
Conclusion
168
New Urbanism and Green Development
169
New Urbanism FormBased Codes and LEED for Neighborhood Development
171
Regulations That Promote New Urbanism
173
FormBased Land Development Regulations16
175
The Fundamental Legal Issues
179
Substantive Due Process
182
Procedural Due Process
183
Statutory Violations
184
Public Construction
197
Government Incentives and Mandates
199
Renewable Energy
212
Biofuels
214
Wind and Solar Power
225
Other Sustainable Alternative Energy Sources
229
Geographical and Locational Tier Solutions
233
Existing Urbanized Areas The Promotion of Urban Infill
235
Historic Scope of the Challenge and the Anticipation of Change
237
Land Planning and Development
241
Historic Preservation
244
Flexible Housing Codes
245
Incentive Housing Zones
247
Tax Abatement and Tax Increment Financing
248
Enterprise Zones
249
Displacement
250
Transportation and Economic Development
251
PrivatePublic Partnerships
253
Transportation Corridors
256
TransitOriented Development
257
CityCounty Urbanizing Areas
261
SCAG Regional Growth Policies
262
Sacramento Region Blueprint
269
The Alternatives Process
271
The Alternatives Process for Park City and Summit County Utah
280
Grand Junction and Mesa County Colorado Techniques for Implementing Concentrated Urban Growth
283
Taking the County Out of Land Use
287
Techniques for Redevelopment and Protection of Areas of Environmental Concern
290
Redevelopment
291
Techniques for Establishing Transportation Corridors
293
Technique of Fiscal Impact Assessment
299
Agricultural and Rural Areas
301
Overview
302
The Case of the California HighSpeed Rail Authority RightofWay Alignment Saving Agricultural Land in the Central Valley
304
The Antelope Valley Alignment Furthered Sustainable Smart Growth Policies in State Regional and Local Land Use Plans
305
The Central Valley
306
Specific Techniques to Preserve Agricultural Land
309
Smart Growth Strategies
310
Rural Land Planning and Development
311
Agricultural Zoning
313
Taxation Techniques
315
Land Evaluation and Site Assessment
316
Transfer of Development Rights
319
Land Banking and Purchase of Development Rights
320
Conservation Easements
323
Three Specific County Case Studies
324
Preserving the Bluegrass Horse Farms
326
King County Seattle Agricultural Preservation Plan Purchase of Development Rights
331
Conclusion
333
Selected Bibliography
337
Table of Cases
343
Index
353
Copyright

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About the author (2010)

Los Angeles, CA: Robert H. Freilich is Visiting Professor at the UCLA School of Law and a partner at the Los Angeles, California law firm of Freilich & Popowitz, LLP. Lees Summit, MO: S. Mark White is recognized as an expert in zoning and subdivision law, form-based zoning and new urbanism, land-use and takings litigation, housing, development of comprehensive growth management plans, and implementation systems.

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