From Earth to Orbit: An Assessment of Transportation Options
National Academies, Jan 1, 1992 - Science - 91 pages
If the United States hopes to continue as a leader in space, it must invest now in better earth-to-orbit technology by replacing obsolete launch facilities while also developing a new class of more robust and reliable vehicles.
From Earth to Orbit provides strategies to reduce launch costs while increasing the reliability and resilency of vehicles. It also recommends continued improvements for the Space Shuttle Orbiter and its subsystems and the development of a Space Transportation Main Engine (STME).
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20,000-pound payload class active redundancy Aeronautics and Astronautics Aeronautics and Space aerospace AIAA Air Force Ariane-5 Arianespace ASRM Chamber pressure Characteristics commercial Committee believes Corporation costs DC-Y Engines and Motors expendable launch vehicles failure flexibility flight future launch vehicles Hotol hybrid rocket improved infrastructure integration launch complex launch pad liquid rocket liquid rocket engines liquid-oxygen/liquid-hydrogen engine low-Earth orbit Main Engine STME missions mixture ratio NASA NASP National Launch System operations pad hold-down payload class vehicle Payload Encapsulation performance potential pounds propellant Proposed U.S. propulsion system RD-170 engines reliability requirements reusable Rocketdyne RSRM schedule SDIO single-stage-to-orbit Solid Rocket Motor Space Launch Systems Space Shuttle Space Station Freedom Space Transportation Main specific impulse SSME strap-on boosters Strategic Defense Initiative technology development Thiokol Corporation throttling thrust Titan Titan III Titan IV Transportation Main Engine turbopumps U.S. and International U.S. launch upper stage